Top IoT Predictions for 2021

February 4, 2021

IoT is intelligently changing the world for the better. There was a time when Internet communication was only available on phones and computers. Over the past decade, this focus has shifted to all technologies. Gradually, we are seeing improvements to Internet- connected devices. All of these devices collect and share information to make our lives easier. The idea of making smart devices, including sensors in them, came about in the 1990s. The last decade is a symbol of device design and related ideas and concepts. We all know that the technology industry values innovation and innovation. Devices like smart refrigerators start making all the noise.

Top IoT Predictions for 2021

It is very likely that next year will see the flourishing of IoT deployments in various industrial sectors, where the use of private networks to control IoT devices, to save them from some kind of security threat from external resources. It will help reduce costs and prove an extra layer of security shields, and there will be an exciting attack on mobile operators, which is likely to increase the private network market with smaller, local LTE cells. The constant turmoil caused by this epidemic has brought us to a point where our current work environment will only be so far away. Expensive office space for companies will be a thing of the past, where great residential arrangements are being made. Now, everything has changed, when future offices will be integrated with IoT application development, allowing for a safer environment, and smart lighting combined with the use of approved space for sensors can be a common experience. In addition, job monitoring will enable high-speed areas to prioritize clean-ups, control overcrowded areas, and change the structure of offices for social order.

The transition to digital health promotion and pop-up testing sites and vaccines is readily available – and paves the way for a new level of health care services. Distance learning opens the doors to new digital experiences and shared resources – but it also helps to make democracy accessible to information. Manufacturers and asset management become more sophisticated, and digital twins provide more efficient and cost-effective solutions – with increasing acquisition and broader use. Micro-mobility solutions are changing the way we travel in urban areas. The epidemic may be overshadowing our resilience, but it is a major challenge that we must face together – to become a new standard for winning new and business approaches.

Smartwatches will have a huge impact on the IoT space and on the lives of customers next year. Companies like Samsung have refined the smartwatch information with a UX perspective, but have also collected as much data as possible from their existing customers. I think this will lead to a more accurate health study, more features, and a better customer experience. Making mobile phones with geofencing allows you to lure your customers into mobile businesses while sending them relevant content or a copy of the ad to encourage them to visit the business, which could lead to sales. I feel that this technology has evolved year after year and, once everyone starts doing his business again, there will be a leap into foreign activities. The Wemo Insight Smart Plug is a single IoT product that should see the greatest demand in the market. This product uses your Wi-Fi connection to provide wireless control for all electronic devices in your home, directly from your mobile phone. Sleep tracking devices are becoming increasingly popular as people find it difficult to get a good night’s sleep and feel better in the morning. This is good for consumers because you need to sleep to feel like yourself, inside and outside the workplace. IoT kitchen gadgets will surely be downloaded in 2021 as more food-based devices are available in the market. For example, Io press compressors and other devices offer precise controls in food cooking and add a layer of safety as they can be turned off if you forget about the food you are making. As people continue to integrate work with home life, such devices will save time. It is becoming increasingly popular to have a smart door system installed in your home. People can monitor their packages, see who’s at the door, interact with outsiders and much more. In addition to comfort, it offers additional security and protection. These devices will continue to grow in popularity as they help consumers feel safe.

Disruption of production, supply chain, storage, and other activities caused by the epidemic creates a great need for automation. While many industries were in the early stages of adoption of the 4.0 segment in 2019, and the ROI is still being clarified, this year’s problem showed the benefits of automation and rapid digital transformation. Technologies such as robots, machine learning, and remote care will get a lot of momentum as industries will focus on reducing the need for refrigeration workers. After the last year, when workers who were not involved in essential services returned to their offices and factories, companies and organizations were required to ensure their safety and compliance with antitrust laws. In recent months, many new devices and services have been used to help manage buildings, keep employees separate, and ensure proper cleaning and hygiene. Organizations will continue to invest in connected technology to manage the environment and ensure the safety of employees at their facilities.

As we continue to connect devices to the Internet, new opportunities to take advantage of security risks are growing. Poorly protected IoT devices can serve as cyberattack access points by allowing malicious people to reset the device or deactivate it. Poorly designed devices can expose user data stealthily by leaving the data stream unprotected. Failure or malfunctioning devices may also pose a security risk. These problems are as big or as big as small, cheap, and ubiquitous devices on the Internet of Things as they are on computers that were the end of the Internet connection. Competitive costs and technical barriers to Io devices challenge manufacturers to build well-designed safety features on these devices, which can create greater security and long-term damage than their traditional computer counterparts.

To make matters worse, our ability to work in our day-to-day activities without the use of Internet-enabled devices or systems is likely to diminish in an offline world. In fact, it is becoming increasingly difficult to buy other offline devices because some retailers only make connected products. Day by day, we connect more and more dependent on IoT devices for essential services, and we need devices to be protected while realizing that no device can be completely secure.

IoT makes it easy to connect and monitor assets from almost any framework of smart grids and the energy sector using connected computing devices and resources. Energy buyers/researchers have the opportunity and accessibility to improve energy efficiency and energy efficiency. The smart grid drastically changes the way businesses operate. Using IoT technology, resources are designed to produce energy efficiently, reduce emissions and management costs, improve performance, and recover power faster, while operators are able to quickly identify output, allowing increased efficiency to manage responses.

IoT development should overcome many broad acceptance challenges. Blocked by issues related to security, privacy, equity, management, and cooperation. Factors such as general decision pressure, cultural change, budget constraints, and changing business priorities play an important role in IoT adoption. One of the most pressing challenges in the IoT industry is protecting consumer and employee data. Businesses are always vulnerable to data vulnerability and need to protect the personal and confidential information of hackers. IoT implementation depends on the nature of the business and is affected by the high cost of IoT products and services. Businesses need to address this issue by negotiating with industry organizations, governments, and other stakeholders.

The next few years will be crucial to increasing the use of IoT products. The main objective of these organizations will be to analyze potential market requests that can be changed to create price opportunities. It can bring about significant changes in the quality of life of consumers by improving their efficiency and productivity. However, there is still a need to incorporate concerted efforts to grow the industry to maturity by developing different aspects of new ecosystems. It is hoped that industrial cooperation with the government will boost the market in the future so that society can be better off globally.

Also Read: Top Insights For Successful IoT Product Development

Top Insights for Successful IoT Product Development

December 3, 2020

The term “IoT” first coined by Kevin Ashton, a British technology expert, in 1999, has the potential to influence everything from new product opportunities, in-store purchases to achieving the efficiency of high-quality factory workers. It is believed that IoT will improve energy efficiency, remote monitoring, control of tangible assets, and productivity through a variety of applications such as home security and refrigeration monitoring. IoT is now used in markets in the healthcare sector, furniture and architecture, retail markets, energy companies, manufacturing, travel and transportation, real estate companies, and the media.

Top Insights for Successful IoT Product Development

Resources have become more and more connected, establishing connections between machinery, people, and the Internet, leading to the creation of new environments that allow for higher productivity, energy efficiency, and higher profitability. Sensors help to visualize the state of things, in which they derive the benefit of anticipating human needs based on information collected from each thing or device. These smart machines not only collect information from their location but are also able to make decisions without human intervention. IoT technology is used in our daily lives to open the door without keys; on card IDs, automatic locks, auto acquisition systems, payment system; and animal tracking, access control, payment methods, offline smart cards, anti-theft devices, column reader, etc. IoT building blocks will come from those that are web-enabled devices, provide common forums they can communicate with, and develop new apps to capture new users.

IoT applications are attached to sensors and connected to the Internet. Advances in IoT technology and integration within IoT-related technologies strongly influence the development of new business models and IoT biological systems. These natural systems consist of participants representing the IoT application value-chain: components, embedded embedding, and connections, chips, service delivery, architecture, sensors, actuators, system integration, middleware, software, security, usage, tests, etc.

This new model helps integrate future generations of applications, network technologies, embedded systems, devices, and other ICT improvements, depending on protocols, open platforms and authentication, and architecture. The deployment of IoT Large Scale Pilots (LSPs) to promote IoT market improvements and overcome the fragmentation of vertical structures, closed systems, and application areas is the next important step in IoT product development. Large pilots can fix concerns in a variety of application areas by bringing together technology offerings and system search features in real-world settings to showcase and validate IoT technology in the real world.

IoT has been opening its doors to new ways of building connections between various devices and people. It had just entered people’s lives before the CoVid-19 with a gradual adoption. It has been providing solutions in areas such as:

Home Automation – connected lighting, sensors telling good use of integrated materials, smart door locks, etc. Make the concept of home management easier.

Wearables – New technology in IoT has introduced a novel concept called “connected life”. Devices like smartwatches, smart trackers measure important health data such as blood pressure, heart rate, and provide continuous feedback regarding a person’s health status.

Smart City – IoT use in smart cities has been identified in traffic management, water supply, waste management, environmental monitoring, and safety in cities. Studies have shown that the management of important urban infrastructure can be improved with the help of IoT devices.

Smart Supply Chain – Logistics has always been an important part of national development. The rapid movement of goods and services helps to build a strong market and IoT provides tracking of goods and services by exchanging goods with various vendors.

Smart Farming concept – Farming has become one of the areas where the availability of technology is growing exponentially. IoT helps to find a crop that can be analyzed at all times of the year and the necessary changes can be made next.

While people’s social and economic activities continue to thrive in urban areas, Smart Cities is using digital and telecommunications technology to increase administrative efficiency and improve the quality of life of its citizens. Cross-domain challenges in public safety, mobility, lighting, and energy efficiency can be addressed by user-friendly natural systems for specific interactive sub-systems. The integration of sensors and connectivity systems with subcutaneous systems that are often interconnected in the public space, in turn, promotes the development of app-driven data center services. Due to their large size and ubiquitous location, connected systems offer the hope that they will transform into platforms that receive domain-level information and deliver program management activities to participants from a variety of domains. LSPs need to address the challenges in the areas of setting standards, cybersecurity, open data management, and privacy and ensuring novel business models under the services provided by future domain infrastructure. These IoT LSPs have to face technical challenges across all vertical industrial industries and go beyond M2M, specific IoT applications developed in recent years, in order to break down silos and assess the real impact of IoT technology on industrial domains.

Health and wellness care offer unique opportunities for the widespread use of IoT Medications, costs, and access to community care for communities and citizens striving for long, healthy life. IoT is an aid in improving patient care and providers. It can generate greater capital expenditure, new investments, and reduced costs. In addition, it has the power to change the way health care is delivered. The development of Internet of Health (IoH) applications dedicated to the health and well-being of citizens including care, medication management, diagnosis, employment, resilience, etc. will allow citizens to become more involved in their health care. End users can track important signs on wearable devices, access medical records, access diagnostic laboratory tests performed at home or in an office building, and monitor health-related activities with Web applications on Smartphones. The use of IoT in health care can improve access to care for people in remote areas or for those who cannot make regular visits to the hospital. It can also allow for a quick diagnosis of medical conditions by monitoring and analyzing human parameters. The treatment provided by a caregiver can be improved by studying the effects of treatment and medication on patients’ bodies.

IoT applications in buildings work with smart Building Management Systems (BMS) over an IP network, connecting all construction services while analyzing, monitoring, and managing without human intervention. IoT applications are used by property managers to manage energy consumption and energy purchases and maintain building systems. BMS is based on existing Intranet and Internet infrastructure and therefore uses the same general guidelines as other IT devices. Value for IoT applications is also available on computer devices. Collecting data from many construction services and equipment gives a grandiose idea of how each building works. This will improve the Internet of Buildings (IoB) systems. These IoT applications will reduce the need for human intervention to manage difficulties and the amount of data will be greatly improved. IoB requires seamless interaction and data exchange between building networks, external resources, different building systems, various intelligent devices, and increased communication with people involved in construction.

IoT makes it easy to connect and monitor assets from almost any framework of smart grids and the energy sector using connected computing devices and resources. Energy buyers/researchers have the opportunity and accessibility to improve energy efficiency and energy efficiency. The smart grid drastically changes the way businesses operate. Using IoT technology, resources are designed to produce energy efficiently, reduce emissions and management costs, improve performance, and recover power faster, while operators are able to quickly identify output, allowing increased efficiency to manage responses.

IoT development should overcome many broad acceptance challenges. Blocked by issues related to security, privacy, equity, management, and cooperation. Factors such as general decision pressure, cultural change, budget constraints, and changing business priorities play an important role in IoT adoption. One of the most pressing challenges in the IoT industry is protecting consumer and employee data. Businesses are always vulnerable to data vulnerability and need to protect the personal and confidential information of hackers. IoT implementation depends on the nature of the business and is affected by the high cost of IoT products and services. Businesses need to address this issue by negotiating with industry organizations, governments, and other stakeholders.

The next few years will be crucial to increasing the use of IoT products. The main objective of these organizations will be to analyze potential market requests that can be changed to create price opportunities. It can bring about significant changes in the quality of life of consumers by improving their efficiency and productivity. However, there is still a need to incorporate concerted efforts to grow the industry to maturity by developing different aspects of new ecosystems. It is hoped that industrial cooperation with the government will boost the market in the future so that society can be better off globally.

Also Read: Design Principles And Best Practices For IoT Applications

Design Principles and Best Practices for IoT Applications

November 4, 2020

Internet of things or IoT is a splendid collection of intercommunicating smart devices and solutions. These devices and solutions are driving modern technology and is an important aspect of the 21st century. It is a network of uniquely identifiable devices or things that are connected to the internet. These devices or things are programmable and have sensors to interact with humans or each other. IoT has been serving consumers with home automation, consumer electronics, industrial automation, etc. The key enabler of all IoT devices is the network as it integrates with a wide array of communication technologies. IoT applications are utilized in transportation, environment, energy, assisted living, smart cities, etc.

Design Principles and Best Practices for IoT Applications

As the digitalized world is getting increasingly interconnected with social platforms and artificial intelligence, the internet of things is the next big thing that is impacting each sector of the industry. Through IoT, machines are able to make decisions autonomously and industries are increasingly relying on automated machines for productivity without much human intervention. From smart thermostats that can adjust the home temperature to refrigerators that can automatically order food is low, IoT has been evolving with solutions that are benefiting the consumers immensely.

IoT services are attached to sensors and are connected to the internet. The IoT technological advancements and convergence within the IoT related technologies shape dynamically the development of new business models and IoT ecosystems. These ecosystems comprise of stakeholders representing the IoT application value-chain: components, embedded processing and communication, chips, service provision, architecture design, sensors, actuators, system integration, middleware, software, security, usage, test, etc.

This new model facilitates integrating the future generations of applications, network technologies, embedded systems, devices, and other evolving ICT advances, based on protocols, open platforms and standardized identifiers, and architectures. The deployment of IoT Large Scale Pilots (LSPs) to promote the market improvement of IoT and overcome the segmentation of vertically oriented architectures, closed systems, and application areas is the next important step in IoT development. Large Scale Pilots can address the concerns in different application areas by bringing together the technology supply and the application demand sides in real-life settings to demonstrate and validate the IoT technology in the real world.

While human social and economic activities continue to gravitate towards urban centers, Smart Cities deploy digital and telecommunication technologies to increase administration efficiency and improve the quality of life of their inhabitants. Cross-domain challenges in public safety, mobility, lighting, and energy efficiency can be addressed by user-centric ecosystems of interoperable vertical sub-systems. The integration and compatibility of sensors and actuators of connected sub-systems that are often complementary in the public space, in turn, stimulate the development of novel data-driven value-added application domain services. Due to their high density and ubiquitous nature, connected systems offer the prospect of evolving into platforms acquiring domain-level contextual information and delivering application management functions to diverse domains’ stakeholders. The LSPs need to address challenges in the fields of standardization, cyber-security, open data governance, and privacy and validate the novel business models underlying the services provisioned by future domain infrastructures. These IoT LSPs have to address technology challenges across the industrial sector verticals and go beyond the M2M, IoT vertical applications developed in recent years, in order to break the silos and to evaluate the real impact of IoT technology across industrial domains. The definition of themes needs to have a broader perspective and go beyond the narrower use cases proposed until now since in the future that cross-vertical collaboration and integration will be among the primary benefits of IoT.

Healthcare and wellness provide unique opportunities for extensive IoT implementation. Health care treatments, cost, and availability cater to society and the citizens striving for longer, healthier lives. IoT is an enabler to achieve enhanced care for patients and providers. It could generate greater asset utilization, new revenues, and reduced costs. In addition, it has the capability to change how health care is delivered. The development of the Internet of Health (IoH) applications dedicated to citizens’ health and wellness that spans care, medication administration, diagnostics, monitoring, fitness, etc. will allow the citizens to be more involved with their healthcare. The end-users could track the vitals signals with wearable devices, access medical records, get diagnostic lab tests conducted at home or at the office building, and monitor the health-related activities with Web-based applications on smartphones. The application of IoT in healthcare can enhance the access of care to people in remote locations or to those who are incapacitated to make routine visits to the hospital. It can also enable a quick diagnosis of medical conditions by monitoring and analyzing a person’s parameters. The medical treatment administered to the person under care can be enhanced by studying the consequence of therapy and the medication on the patients’ body.

The IoT applications in the buildings are interacting with the smart Building Management Systems (BMS) with an IP network, connecting all the building services while analyzing, monitoring, and controlling without the intervention of humans. The IoT applications are used by buildings managers to govern energy use and energy procurement and to maintain buildings systems. The BMS is based on the infrastructure of the existing Intranets and the Internet and therefore employs the same standard guidelines as other IT devices. The value in IoT application is in both the data and the computing devices. Gathering data from more building services and equipment offers a more granular view of exactly how each building is performing. These will develop the Internet of Buildings (IoB) applications. These IoT applications will decrease the need for human intervention to manage the complexity and the amount of data will improve exponentially. The IoB requires interoperability and seamless data interchange between networks of buildings, external utilities, different subsystems in a building, various smart equipment, and increased interface with building stakeholders.

The IoT facilitates connecting and monitoring assets from virtually anywhere for the smart grids and energy sector using the interconnected computing devices and utilities. Energy consumers/prosumers have the opportunity and accessibility to improve energy efficiency and energy use. The smart grid is significantly altering the way businesses operate. Using IoT technology, utilities are equipped to generate power more efficiently, reduce emissions and management costs, improve operations, and restore power faster, while operators are able to immediately identify outages, allowing for increased efficiency to manage responses.

IoT technology extends the monitoring and control of the plant and animal products during the whole life cycle from farm to fork. The concern will be in the future to design architectures and implement algorithms that will support each object for optimal behavior, according to its role in the Intelligent Farming system and in the food chain, lowering ecological footprint and economical costs and increasing food security. The smart cold chain logistics domain possesses high complexity and high risks because food and pharmaceutical goods are exposed to increasingly long and complex supply chains with many dangers of poor temperature control, delays, and physical mishandling. The prototype increases the transportation process by monitoring the state of the products during transportation and by early warnings when the goods are not stored according to clients’ requirements.

Wearables are integrating key technologies such as actuating, communication, nanoelectronics, low power computing, visualization, organic electronics, sensing, and embedded software, into intelligent systems to bring new functionalities into clothes, fabrics, patches, watches, and other body-mounted devices.

The IoT makes use of synergies that are generated by the linking of Consumer, Business, and Industrial Internet Consumer, Business, and Industrial Internet. The overlap creates the open, global network linking data, people, and things. This intersection leverages the cloud to link intelligent things that sense and transmit a broad array of data, helping to develop services that would not be obvious without this level of connectivity and analytical intelligence. The use of platforms is being delivered by transformative technologies such as things, cloud, and mobile.

The impulsive surrounding advancing IoT programs are very complex and issues such as systems integration, enablement, value-added services, network connectivity, and other management functions are all requires that generally must be utilized when the end-users seek to link smart edge devices into complex IoT applications. From the end-user standpoint, open relationships between various stakeholders in the IoT value chain are the best available means to employ these complexities. The technological trend is a move from systems where there are multiple users/people per device, people in the control loop of the system, and the system providing the ability for people to interact with people. The IoT offers a new epitome where there are multiple devices per user; the devices are things that are connected and interacting with other things. The communication will be with a variety of continuum of users, things, and real physical events.

Also Read: Applications Of Internet Of Things (IoT) In Engineering

Applications of Internet of Things (IoT) in Engineering

July 28, 2020

The network of physical objects that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the internet together constitutes the Internet of Things (IoT). These physical objects range from ordinary household items to industrial tools. According to an analysis, more than 7 billion connected IoT devices at present. It is expected that it will grow to 10 billion by the end of 2020 and possibly 22 billion by 2025.

Applications of Internet of Things (IoT)

Advantages of IoT:

The IoT has emerged as one of the new technology where integrating the devices using the internet in an active manner holds the key. The various advantages of the IoT are:

  • Time-saving: The probability of making the right decision lies with the data. The more the information, the easier it is to make the right decision. Knowing what to bring from the confectionery shop without checking at your own, not only saves times, also brings ease to life.
  • Ease of life: The computers through the embedded sensors on different products can gather the information on the expiration date of products before one consumes. Hence it improves the quality of life.
  • Cost-effective: Money is the new god. This technology could replace the manpower who are in charge of monitoring and maintaining supplies.
  • Improved Device Communication: IoT is a web of physical devices connected to each other and interacting. Hence improves device-to-device communication.
  • Gathering Useful Data: The more the information we are available with, the better and informed choices one can make about the policymaking, governing issues, and challenges, etc.
  • Automation: The digital control with wireless support made control and automation of large data possible. The machines can lead a faster and timely output and reduced the machine-man interaction disorganized gap.

The Internet of Things potential has a lot to offer for making life and technology easier than ever. Without any second thought, such positive technology is the one that most people can look forward to.

Application of IoT in Mechanical Engineering:

  • Ease of governing the machines: The motors, valves, pumps, and other traditional components are fastly employing the operating through software. These software-driven controls through IoT could be controlled even from far distances and ensuring the proper operation of the machine.
  • Increased communication: IoT enhances the ability of the manufacturer to communicate with the product and production line. IoT enabled commercial PLM systems can significantly bring value to the work done by the mechanical engineers, especially with regard to product quality and reliability design activity. The utilization of IoT in product development contains a huge potential to further enhance product quality and reliability.
  • Strengthening ethics: Further, the IoT-enabled commercial PLM system will help in maintaining the ethical sense of mechanical engineers and understand the importance of physical data in the field.
  • Field testing: For the field testing of the mechanical design, the IoT-enabled sensors can help the mechanical design engineers to fix the issues and improve the features further.
  • Imparting value to digital twin technology: The IoT can become the backbone of the “digital twin” type of technology which contributes to new mechanical engineering style, making new digital engineering innovation.

Accordingly, mechanical engineers must assess their design engineering based on “physical data” in the real world with “virtual data” with the help of the IoT.

Application of IoT in Electronics Engineering:

The IoT has already revolutionized the field of electronics engineering and in the coming times, the expectations are that it will make the field more efficient and smart.

  • Home Automation: One of the basic applications is home automation embedded with IoT. It will give the real-time status of the home appliances and significantly helps in reducing the electricity bills.
  • Improving Security: The security systems using IoT can help the surveillance of the home, offices, and other establishments. Imagine the presence of a strange person in front or backyard of my house is notified to me and immediately the image taken by the surveillance camera is sent to me.
  • Instructing Solar Panels: The solar panel can be rotated according to the clock so that it can produce electricity efficiently. Embedding of the air pressure sensors can help to show the wind speed and dust along with it. Accordingly, the solar panels can be covered in order to avoid dust deposition on it through the IoT-enabled devices.
  • Microcontrollers: All the micro-controllers in a device can be controlled, instructed, and monitored through IoT.

Application of IoT in Electrical Engineering

Application of IoT in Electrical Engineering:

  • IoT SCADA: SCADA is centralized monitoring and control of remotely located generation and transmission systems. It consists of various parts such as actuators, sensors, controllers, and communication devices. The IoT SCADA is a step beyond the SCADA. The IoT SCADA provides real-time signal acquisition and data logging using the internet and IoT servers. IoT integrates the devices, machines, sensors, and other electrical equipment with the internet.
  • Smart Metering: Traditional electrical equipment like electrical units reading the meter, when integrated with IoT reduces operational costs by managing the meter from the electricity office. It also detects energy theft and losses.
  • Smart Grid: The power generated can be utilized in an optimum manner as per the load demand with intelligent equipment devices installed at each of the sub-station. The IoT can automate these substations and can better address the optimum distribution of power to these sub- stations especially during peak hours.

Application of IoT in Civil Engineering:

The IoT has a huge impact on the field of civil engineering. Few of them are:

  • Preventive Maintenance Programs: IoT can be used for preventing the breakdown. The different sensors can be used along with intelligent devices to anticipate the breakdown and hence putting preventive maintenance in place. These sensors can collect the data in real- time and then report it to the maintenance crew.
  • Real-Time Construction Management Solution: The timely completion of the construction saves a lot of money, and brings efficiency to the system. Many tasks needed to be completed such as tracking and measuring building supplies or tagging field equipment etc. The use of IoT technology can reduce the manual burden of tracking, measuring building supplies, etc by collecting relevant information in real-time and delivering it to the people concerned. It will also help the management and decision-makers to improve or correct the project’s course.
  • Automated documentation: The reports based on filling out the blanks can easily be filled up using the data routed through IoT. Such reports can be used for inspection, insurance, and liability events, etc.
  • Workers’ safety: The construction sites are full of risk as an accident can happen at any time. The supervisors and managers need to be very careful about this. The real-time tracking of the worker can be accomplished using the IoT and ensuring the safety of the workers.
  • Decision Making: IoT can be deployed to extract the insights of the places which are more complex and need a thorough understanding. For example, during the construction of a dam, there is a need to monitor the surrounding area for any stress developing because of such a project. It will help the decision making body for taking further decisions.

Application of IoT in Biomedical Engineering:

IoT in biomedical is one of the current topics of research. According to a recent report, the adoption of IoT brings exceptional changes in operational efficiency. Few of the application are:

  • Wearable devices and IoT: The e-healthcare tracks the e-health status. The various wearables are currently used in e-healthcare. The integration of wearables with the IoT is the emerging area of research in biomedical with IoT. The wearables devices recording blood pressure, heart rate monitoring, glucometer, etc give the patient access to personalized attention. Such devices also remind about the calorie count, exercise check, variation in blood pressure, and appointment with doctors.
  • Superlative Care: The deep use of IoT in the field of biomedical will surely bring better healthcare and timely intervention of the doctors. It will break the boundary of patient-doctor interaction limited to visits. It empowers the physicians to deliver superlative care.
  • Faster Disease Diagnosis: Continuous monitoring of patients using IoT helps in early diagnosis of disease based on symptoms.
  • Lesser stay in hospital: Using IoT to monitor the patient from a remote location helps in reducing the length of staying at the hospital and prevents re-admission. Continuous health monitoring opens the door of proactive care.

Internet of Things is a concept that paves the way for real-world things connected to each other through the virtual world and interacting actively. The IoT has the potential to transform and revolutionize all the engineering fields and hence making the life of people easier. It facilitates monitoring, evaluation, recording, taking informed decisions, and governance to the user. It enhances efficiency, reduces operational and labor costs, and saves time. But there is a need of exploring the field to a new high. Such as in the case of the biomedical field, there is a lot of scope of taking the IoT to a new level. The biomedical field is one of the crucial areas where one needs to introduce the IoT as soon as possible so that effective and timely care be provided to the patients. Integration of devices using the internet will surely improve efficiency, but there will be associated challenges with it such as security of data stored in the cloud or the data moving a to-and-fro infinite number of times across the internet.

Also Read: The Growing Role Of IoT After Covid-19

The Growing Role Of IoT After Covid-19

July 14, 2020

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the physical devices that are connected to the internet around the globe, which are simultaneously collecting and sharing the data. These items range from wearable fitness devices that can monitor your health by measuring your blood glucose, heart rate, number of steps you take, stress and oxygen level, to smart microwaves that cook your food for an appropriate time, to smart cars that sense any object in their path. These are few of the applications that show the ubiquity of IoT in our daily life. After collecting the various data, they suggest what is best suitable for us and slowly taking us to set out the next-generation technology experience.

The basic concept of the Internet of Things is to connect all the things in the world to the internet.

The Growing Role Of IoT After Covid-19

With the rapid growth of devices connecting to the internet, many experts are predicting that two-third of the new businesses will be dependent on IoT by the end of 2020. Keeping this in mind, IoT offers the potential for a “fourth industrial revolution”.

An unprecedented situation has arisen due to COVID-19, which has impacted our society as well as the economy. But many companies have turned this adversity into an opportunity as there are indications that the world will be more dependent on digital technologies from now on. Currently, the companies are embracing digital technology as they have to work remotely to serve their clients.

How does IoT Work?

The “Things” in the “Internet of Things” that are connected to the internet have been divided into three categories:

  • First Things: a collection of information and then share it.
  • Second Things: receive information, analyze, and then act on it.
  • Things that do both.

The ecosystem of an IoT consists of smart devices that are web-enabled and use embedded systems such as sensors, processors, and communication hardware that collect the information and then share, analyze the data that they acquire, and then act on it. The data obtained by the sensors of an IoT from the environment is shared by connecting to an IoT gateway which sends the data to the cloud for analysis, or the data is analyzed locally. Many a time, these devices may connect to similar devices and share the information and then act on the data they acquire from one another. No human intervention is required for these devices to work, however people set them up to give instructions or access that data.

There is a wide range of real-world applications of the internet of things, from consumer and enterprise IoT to industrial and manufacturing IoT.

Consumer IoT

Consumer IoT

For consumer IoT, there are smart homes that are equipped with smart appliances such as smart thermostats. These smart homes are connected with lighting, heating, and electronic devices can be remotely controlled through smartphones.

Wearable devices that are equipped with software and sensors can collect and analyze the data of the users and then send information of the users to other technological devices with the aim in order to make the lives of users more comfortable and user-friendly.

Healthcare IoT

In healthcare, IoT has the ability to closely monitor patients by using the analysis of the generated data. IoT systems have been used in hospitals to perform several tasks, i.e. inventory management for medical devices and pharmaceuticals.

Infrastructure IoT

Smart buildings are equipped with sensors that can detect how many occupants are there in a room, which further reduces energy costs. The temperature of the room can be adjusted automatically — for instance, when the room is full, the sensor turns the air conditioner ON. In contrast, the sensor turns the air conditioner OFF when the room is empty.

Similarly, in a smart city, the deployment of IoT sensors may assist smart meters and smart streetlights such that they can help in alleviating the traffic, conserving the energy, and improve sanitation to address the environmental crisis.

Agriculture IoT

In the agriculture sector, smart farming systems based on IoT can help monitor temperature, light, the moisture of the soil, and humidity of the crop field by using connected sensors. It offers the potential for automation of the irrigation system.

Role of IoT in post-COVID-19 era

The IoT is performing a vital role in the fight against COVID-19. It has thrived over the years and the society as a whole is now ready to cherish the services of the advanced devices that are working with “IoT technology”. As this technology is already available in the market for some time now, hence the developers don’t have to design everything from scratch to make it useful for the COVID era. With the ever-increasing need for contactless use of technology and services, IoT is making sure to deliver on the promises and thrive at this crucial moment.

Many IoT Consulting companies are collaborating with NGOs and policymakers to develop innovative technical solutions that will be beneficial in the fight against Covid-19. These solutions may bring relief to society, making sure that businesses will thrust out of this pandemic.

To name a few, these technologies include:

Connected-Thermometers: The most fundamental symptom of COVID is fever. In a post COVID era, you might be watching the scanners everywhere to check temperature whenever you are entering any hospitals, banks, stores, etc. The IoT technology feeds the data of every scanner into a national database through which a real-time map can be generated to see where the spike of the fever might be so that the government can declare that region as a hotspot. This can be one of the valuable pieces of information processed in current scenario which can help the citizens maintain precaution.

Wearable: Many smart wearable electronic items in the market are enabled with sensors. These sensors play a very crucial role in the healthcare system as they can monitor the patient’s heart rate, blood oxygen, temperature, glucose level and send the signal to the doctors if the patient is in the critical condition. Timely monitoring of these symptoms can save a patient’s life.

The smart wrist band can also help track the person’s location. If someone is traveling from one place to another, these wrist bands can track their location and send the signal to the authorities, ensuring the person is following the home quarantine norms or not.

Accounting: In the COVID-19 crisis, businesses have been greatly affected in a way they perform their payments and accounting, particularly when the companies are pushing for a transition to digital collaboration and remote work. IoT implementation in accounting improves the distribution of data as it allows accountants to receive the financial data digitally. This would allow faster evaluation of the problem and analysis of risk. Thus the businesses can respond faster.

Robots: While at the hospital, robots are helping the doctors in caring for the patients. Doctors operate several surgeries via robots with more precision. In the Covid-19 era, robots are often used to deliver medication, food, and liquid to the patients. This reduces human interaction with the COVID affected patient and requires less staff. Less human interaction with the patient ultimately leads to a few cases and will help in slowing the transmission rate.

Drones: Drones are being used to spray the sanitizers or disinfectants in the public places and vehicles that are traveling to hotspot regions. They are also being used in transporting medical and essential supplies, lessening the risk of human contact. Drones are also helping in tracking the places where social distancing norms are not being followed in public.

IoT and embedded systems have already contributed significantly to the fight against Covid-19. As IoT’s footprint is growing exponentially and anticipated to hit 20.4 billion users before the end of this year, we may foresee many further permutations to be carried out while the pandemic lingers.

Also read about: Factors To Consider In IoT Product Design