Design and Development of Transportation Vehicles

October 27, 2020

Transportation vehicles have been immensely important for the growth and development of a nation. It is extremely necessary for the economic development of the rural as well as the urban populations. These vehicles offer an efficient journey for the inhabitants as well as for the transportation of their goods and services. It strengthens the national defence, industry, agriculture, and other segments of the economy. With the advent of technologies, industries have focused on delivering transportation vehicles that can withstand the challenges of modern times and work effectively.

Design and Development of Transportation Vehicles

A typical vehicle development process starts with idea generation and is followed by screening the various ideas. The next step is concept development and testing of the vehicle. It is further followed by marketing strategy development, business analysis, functional testing, market development, and commercialization. Each stage of vehicle development involves deciding the fate of dropping or moving with product development. A consumer-adoption process is an important way through which companies can make a decision regarding the fate of new products. It consists of spreading awareness and interest among consumers for evaluation, trial, and adoption.

The design and development of any transportation vehicle require construction, configuration, and styling. It is coupled with technical innovation and refinement during production and manufacturing systems. It helps industries to give a competitive advantage and help in delivering mass-produced vehicles. Early manufacturers used a wooden framework for upper body work but it was not suitable for high-speed vehicles and hence metal chassis frames were subsequently used. The early 19th century saw steam engined road vehicles pull the agricultural equipment. The development of the engines allowed enhancement in the ignition and carburation system. It has resulted in sophisticated valve and cooling arrangements. This has resulted in an utter rivalry among steam, diesel, and petrol engines over the century. Though the engines are almost similar and possess common mechanical characteristics. The diesel engine is run by spontaneous combustion of fuel in the presence of compressed air rather than ignition by electric spark. It eliminates the need for the carburetor and a spark ignition system. Hence diesel engines are increasingly used in challenging conditions.

The development of transportation vehicles requires a wide range of engineering materials. A wide range of materials is available along with iron, copper, and aluminum for the construction of vehicles. These materials provide ductility, strength, and stiffness under various conditions. As a transportation vehicle works in challenging environments, hence the vehicles have to possess corrosion stability, environmental stability, fracture toughness, suitable density, expansion coefficient, and electrical conductivity. These extreme properties have allowed manufacturers to adopt materials such as polymers and ceramics along with the other metals. These engineering materials are helping the companies to develop supreme vehicles with amazing bodywork, engines, exhaust systems, and other devices. These materials are lightweight and have significant effects on the performance of the transportation vehicles.

Transportation vehicle development has made a huge leap in the late 20th century by employing JIT/LP philosophy in the production lineup. It has enhanced the flexibility and agility of the entire production process from design to manufacture. It allows the identification and distinguishing of the production cycle and development cycle. Through this approach, an organization can perform with lesser bottlenecks, errors, delays, and high inventories. It translates operational needs and customer requirements at all life cycle stages through simultaneous consideration of development, support, disposal, and manufacturing needs. This technique facilitates the designers to utilize all the manufacturing opportunities by maximizing value and minimizing costs. Industries are also implementing IPPD through various techniques for the analysis of manufacturing and various requirements. This entire system has allowed the optimal deployment of the engineering effort for examining the requirements and target outcomes.

Body designing is an extremely crucial step in the development of a high-performance vehicle. Vehicle designers create starts with designing on papers and later transform those drawings into three-dimensional models. It is used for gaining all body surface information for structural design and tooling. The creation of a prototype or a clay model is a long and tedious process that helps in gaining optimal information about vehicle performance in various conditions. Currently, most of the designing and styling using computer-aided design software by offering vital decision-making interventions. This software can incorporate rendering systems capable of delivering anything as per the designer’s requirements.

Transportation vehicles have an immense aerodynamic influence upon their design. This has allowed greater technology interventions and produced fuel-efficient aerodynamic design. Fuel efficiency in any vehicle depends upon the efficiency of the engine, the mass of the vehicle, and aerodynamic drag. Some of the important factors that help in enhancing the performance of a transportation vehicle include aerodynamic forces, drag reduction, stability and crosswinds, noise, underhood ventilation, and cabin ventilation. Most of these factors are stabilized with the technique of computational fluid dynamics.

Generally, there are five basic loads that are imposed on the body structure of a transportation vehicle. These include bending case, torsion case, combined bending and torsion, lateral loading, and fore and aft loading. There are also wide ranges of the vehicle structure. These are developed as ladder frames, cruciform frames, torque tube backbone frames, space frames. The vehicle loads are imposed on the vehicle when traversing roads and other surfaces. The bending and torsion loads are examined with a simple structural surface method that is generally used to measure local stresses and deflections. It facilitates the design of the structure and various other components of a transportation vehicle. Also, the finite element methods can be utilized on the basic design and achieve enhanced details and greater structure efficiency.

The automotive designer lays the utmost importance on the crashworthiness of the vehicle. It is examined by analyzing the structural collapse and associated energy absorption and intrusion. These factors are crucial for passenger’s safety and allow further improvement. Manufacturers study vehicle crush characteristics with the impact of a rigid barrier and between two vehicles. They also study the effect of impact on seat belt performance. The effectiveness of the seat belt is analyzed in four ways. First, an intrusion that is caused by the collapse of the passenger’s compartment. Second, the extension of the seat belt allowing the passenger to strike some part of the vehicle. Third, the transmission of localized loads to the wearer through the webbing. Fourth, high deceleration in severe impacts.

Manufacturers also focus on increased refinement of noise, vibration, and harshness in the transportation vehicle. Vibration has always been linked with reliability and quality as greater vibration often leads to uncomfortable vehicles. Designers pay greater attention to control the vibration and noise in vehicles. With the reduction in vehicle weight and higher engine speeds, there is a greater need for lessening vibration, noise, and harshness. This has resulted in the development of various approaches for vibration and noise analysis. Some of these approaches include the development of mathematical models of the study and analyze them by formulating the equation. It is also done by analyzing free vibration characteristics and forced vibration response to various disturbances. The approach also investigates the methods for controlling the undesirable vibration levels if they arise in the transportation vehicle.

Customer feedback is an important aspect to progress any business. It helps in improving the delivery of services and products. It can assure the level of customer satisfaction among the customers. Responsiveness to customer feedback ensures that the management value the opinion of the customers and thereby enhancing customer experience. It also ensures faster delivery of the information to the customers and improves customer retention. Once the product is available to the consumers in the market, the enterprises have the responsibility to monitor the performance of their vehicle. Post-market surveillance is essential to check any of the drawbacks or problems that the customers possibly be facing.

The end goal of any product design is to provide a next-generation customer experience to its users. The businesses are focusing not only on enhancing customer retention but also on the sustainability of their product by following cyclic practices. Customer learning is very crucial for smoothening the business operations as it delivers value within the growth process. It requires learning customers’ desires and reviews. It is important for market- oriented companies to acquire customer-related facts and information that can be translated to achieve the products and services as desired by the consumers. Leading organizations tend to clearly identify the benefits of their customers from the delivery of the products. They align their marketing and technical skills with the needs of their customers.

Also Read: Principles To Be Followed For A Frugal Bus Body Design

Why Is Finite Element Analysis The Most Trending Thing Now?

October 20, 2020

In today’s world, the development of products is carried out in a systematic manner so as to create high-quality products effectively and efficiently. A product may have various requirements that are evaluated for different solutions to unify the development procedures. Product analysis is carried out at the end for the verification of the product and assists engineering designers to simulate the behavior of the product for further screening. Product analysis has become an important part of the product development process as it helps in the prediction of the final product behavior. One of the most important ways for product analysis is Finite Element Analysis.

Finite Element Analysis

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is a numerical method for solving the problem of mathematical and engineering physics. It is used for solving complex geometries, material properties, and loadings where analytical solutions are very difficult to obtain. It is a way to simulate loading conditions to determine the design’s response to those conditions. It is modeled using discrete building blocks called elements. Each of these elements has an exact equation that represents the response to a particular load. FEM has become a powerful tool for solving differential equations and integral differential equations.

The final element method was first used by academic and industrial researchers in the 1950s for evaluating the suspension bridges and steam boilers. Since then it has grown in function and has been used for reducing the amount of prototype testing. It allows multiple simulation scenarios for testing that are used for cost and time savings. It extends reduced testing and redesign costs to shorten the product development cycle. It identifies safety issues or any irregularities in the development of the product. This process is helpful in finding design shortcomings before any future litigations. Designers are increasingly using it with CAD programs to allow solid modeling and mesh generations.

Finite element analysis is applied by businesses in engineering such as aerospace, civil, automotive, and mechanical, etc. It is used to analyze the fluid flow for structural and stress analysis for static and dynamic equations. Modern engineers are also using this process for analyzing the fluid flow and heat transfer in technical and industrial equipment. It is helpful in analyzing electromagnetic fields, soil mechanics, acoustics, and biomechanics.

In the method of finite element analysis, the accuracy of the solution is determined in terms of the refined element mesh. There are generally two methods for mesh refinement. First is h-refinement where an increasing number of elements are used to design a particular structural domain. Second is p-refinement where interpolation functions are increased by using the order of the polynomials. The refinement is done to estimate the sequential solutions that show the exact solution.

In this approach, solutions of the equations are converted into small finite segments. These elements are then further assembled to obtain an overall system of linear algebraic equations. Here is the general process of linear static structural analysis.

The first thing in the finite element method is to divide the solution into small elements so that the structure can be modeled. It is done after deciding the type, number, size, and arrangement of the elements in 1D, 2D, 3D, or axis symmetry. This is followed by the selection of a proper interpolation or displacement model as the structure of the model is very difficult to predict. It is done by assuming a solution from a computational point of view.

Further, strains and stresses are derived from the displacement model within each element by using Hooke’s law and strain-displacement relationship. As the displacements within each element are unknown variables, the compatibility equations within the element are automatically satisfied. The assumed displacement model is also helpful in deriving the load vector and the stiffness matrix by using the various variational principle. The next step in the process is to assemble the elemental equations to derive the overall equilibrium equations. The individual element stiffness matrices and load vectors are assembled in a systematic order for the overall equilibrium equation. The assembly of stiffness is carried out only on elements sharing a particular node. The process of finding the appropriate location for each of the individual element matrix in the global matrix is called the Direct Stiffness Method.

The next step in the finite analysis method is the imposition of boundary conditions in contact problems. After the incorporation of boundary conditions, the equilibrium equations are expressed. The element stresses and strains are further computed by using the equations of solid or structural mechanics.

Finite element analysis can readily handle the complex geometry and types of analysis. It can easily provide the results for vibration analysis, fluid analysis, heat transfer, transients, and no-linear. It can also handle complex loadings such as node-based loading or point loads, time or frequency-dependent loading, and element-based loading for estimating

pressure, thermal or inertial forces. The finite element method can model large displacements and rotations. It can also describe special material effects like swelling, creeping, plasticity, and temperature-dependent properties. It is very useful in handling the complex restraints for analyzing the intermediate structures and non-isotropic materials such as orthotropic and anisotropic materials.

In addition to the above advantages of the finite element method, there are numerous shortcomings as well. The finite analysis method is an approximate mathematical model of a system and a specific numerical result is derived from specific problems. This results in a general closed-form solution to examine the response to changes in various parameters. It requires vast experience and knowledge to construct a genuine finite system model. Further, it accumulates the error and rounds off most of the digits. It is susceptible to modeling errors by choosing a poor type of element. It can distort elements and sometimes geometry is not perfectly modeled. Finite analysis modeling requires a selection of proper mesh size and there is greater unwanted data. Greater memory and high-speed processors are required to carry out the analysis and are incapable of handling incompressible fluids.

There are many commercial finite element modeling packages available in the market. Some of these are ADINA, SOLIDWORKS, ABAQUS, ALGOR, ANSYS, C-MOLD, LS DYNA, etc.
ANSYS is one of the complete software packages used by engineers to analyze structural, thermal, and fluid engineering. It is also used to analyze the low and high-frequency electromagnetics. It is majorly used for electronics analysis in aerospace engineering, heavy equipment analysis in automotive engineering, microelectromechanical systems in biomedical engineering, and in bridges and buildings.

The finite element analysis method is increasingly used to obtain the solution for structural mechanics problems. It offers easy visualization of the machinery and equipment and is applicable to real-life problems of varied physical domains. One of them is the aerospace industry. The finite element analysis is used for the structural analysis in the aerospace industry. It is used for analyzing mode shapes, natural frequencies, and aero-servo-elastic studies. It is also used in aerodynamics and for analyzing natural frequencies.

Finite element analysis can be used to enhance the optimization and dependability of insulated design in high voltage equipment. It is extensively applicable in the complex configuration of dielectric insulating materials and electrodes. Finite element analysis can provide an equipotential field plot for a high voltage transformer and can assure the minimization of stray losses in electrical machines. One of the preferred processes for installing a thermal wire bonding between a lead frame and a semiconductor chip is the thermosonic wire bonding. It is connected by a metal wire. Wirebonding technology is a very complex task and works within certain boundaries and specifications, These designs have to meet the objective of lower mass, inertia, and higher dynamic stiffness. In such technologies, finite element analysis helps in analyzing the dynamic rigidity of the system.

It is highly crucial to identify the physical behaviors like fluid flow, strength, and transfer capability of complex objects. It is also useful in understanding the optimal design and predicting the behavior and performance of the design. It is considered as an important mathematical method for analyzing problems of mathematical and engineering physics. It is applicable to problems with complex loading, material properties, and geometries. Though stress analysis of trusses and beams can be analyzed by finding an analytical solution while finite element analysis is utilized in the situation where the designs are very complex. It is highly required for the situation where the accuracy is essential and to predict what’s going to happen when the product is used.

Also Read: Finite Element Analysis For Industrial Machinery And Equipment

Transforming Industries with Smart Automation

October 13, 2020

Over the decades, industries have been exploring technologies, business strategies, and opportunities to increase scalability, improve accuracy, reduce costs, boost speed, and most importantly enhance human productivity. In the era of globalization, enterprises are super- competitive and exist in ever-growing business cycles. Hence businesses are focusing on reducing complexity, increasing agility, and speeding innovation while reducing production costs. Organizations can achieve these objectives by utilizing intelligent automation for effective and efficient products. Intelligent automation eliminates limited-value and repetitive workarounds at a limited cost.

Transforming Industries with Smart Automation

The possibilities of smart home automation are endless as it derives insights from a large amount of data, text, images, audio, and video to enhance trading, diagnostics, sourcing, etc. It helps in eliminating miscalculations, errors, and mistakes from repeated key-stroke dependent processes. Industries have been accelerating innovation and agility by untethering human resources from repetitive tasks by collaborating them with smart technologies. It builds on borderless operations, delivery, and production capabilities by personalizing real-time customer interactions.

Industries are increasingly involving their system with technologies that can replicate repetitive human actions and handle design-making tasks. Technocrats are utilizing their expertise to understand the context and adapt itself to the user’s requirement. Smart automated systems are used in industries for converting speech to text. They are preparing and collecting the data through robotic process automation. Robotic process automation is the system that creates traditional flowcharts or step-by-step procedures to create an automated library. These systems have flexibility and are relatively low-cost than traditional processes. These RPA systems can process natural language and perform autonomic automation. These systems can make decisions autonomously by prioritizing and addressing each case in a logical manner.

Organizations are analyzing a vast amount of data by adopting smart automation for data consolidation and validation, for recording data reconciliations, and accounting payables/receivables. Smart automation is based on the idea of the Internet of Things (IoT) that connects and monitors real-world objects through the internet. It focuses on building a smart automation system that can be controlled or managed. These automation systems come with minimum requirements to manage organization security and automation. These IoT systems are independent and can be accessed from phones through the internet.

The collaboration of smart robots and humans can transform organizations that provide services like healthcare, banking, education, etc. It can enhance the customer experience by revolutionizing operations. Industries are experiencing an unprecedented wave of technology change that has intensified interactions with online retailers, customers, and other stakeholders. Smart automation has redefined what organizations can do by advancing at a rapid pace. Tools like data mining and data analytics can reveal trends and behaviors that can enable organizations to enhance their customer loyalty, cross-selling opportunities, and identify process inefficiencies. As most of the organizations operate in the competitive, technological, and regulatory environment, they face numerous challenges while deploying the latest digital technologies. Businesses need to determine the best way to integrate smart automation systems such as AI and RPA to improve customer loyalty, operational success, and employee satisfaction.

Successful smart automation of businesses can result in delivering the right information and services to customers at the correct times with minimum human intervention. Organizations should focus on redesigning their digital processes as per their priorities and actions. They should create a baseline understanding of their core processes so that they can work with a focused approach to guide themselves for better services. Machine and AI-driven tools yield the highest return on investment by analyzing data to feed the AI process audit. It mixes the capabilities of AI diagnostics with experienced business intelligence to enhance the chances of success. Smart automation can empower the employees to enhance their service and performance by promoting upselling and cross-selling through the automated process. It can enhance numerous operational challenges at the back office, front office, and other organizational departments. The conversion to intelligent automation should be comprehensively communicated with all the stakeholders of the organization to create employee insights of all processes.

Businesses are also integrating cognitive tools to withstand complex scenarios by utilizing text or voice-activated chatbots. These bots can communicate further with the system library to deliver the required results. This also includes using a real-time voice identification system that can authenticate users and help in detecting fraud. These robots are powered with AI to organize, extract, and interpret data to perform advanced tasks in the data-fueled industry. It is essential for an organization to create a synergy between all its business units to manage, regulate, and sustain processes with automation.

Normal organizational automation at work includes a virtual attendant robot that acts as a chief automation hub for managing various types of automation processes. It communicates with the employees and provides instructions via automation. These robots use content intelligence technology to convert the data digitally from scanned documentation. This means an employee can focus on high-value tasks rather than low-value monotonous work. The enhanced development of RPA, AI, and virtual robots has offered a tremendous opportunity for organizations to provide state-of-the-art services to its clients. It has allowed them to set their priorities high by improving customer satisfaction and loyalty, and efficient operations. The future of businesses will depend on intelligent employees who are supported by smart automation technology.

With the advent of smart automation, businesses have become highly competitive and fast- paced. The swift transformation of processes is important for faster turnaround and measurable productivity gains. This can be done by structural data interaction where traditional systems are integrated with the help of well-structured valuable information. Robotic process automation is also a crucial technology through which businesses are smartly managed. It basically includes automation of system-based activities which are standardized to deliver effective business processes. Businesses are also utilizing machine learning for managing various organizational needs. These are systems that learn from incoming variations of data and make predictions and decisions based on past circumstances. It is complemented by the use of natural language processing for resolving the customer support ticket. Natural Language Processing uses statistical methods to analyze text and unstructured information of customers.

Chatbots and Virtual agents are also part of smart automated systems. These applications interpret the query that can be either in text or voice form and further providing a defined solution. Another automated system that is used for organizational processes is AI-decision systems. These employ numerous algorithms, technologies, and models to solve complex problems. These are deep learning systems with cognitive capabilities that recognize patterns for making various choices and decisions. Organizations are also involving natural language generation that generates text after recognizing speech or writing patterns.

The next-generation intelligent automation tools are transforming business processes by understanding the present and future opportunities. In banking and financial services, it can generate a huge amount of data and has become a crucial part of the global banking system. Few studies have reported that virtual bots are managing more than $20 billion of assets globally. The blockchain technology and cryptocurrency utilizes smart automation systems to articulate and verify financial transactions. Machine learning and AI have become a powerful tool to perform plastic surgery in the healthcare sector. Automated systems have eased the health service by providing physicians with historic cases that relate to the patient’s symptoms. Artificial intelligence is also useful for retailers and brands to predict the consumption pattern of the consumers. It uses big data to analyze the vast amount of information quickly and helps retailers to gain greater profits.

Many leading organizations are using advanced data science and machine learning techniques to create hyperlocal weather forecasting systems that help in achieving operational gains. Businesses are trying to build virtual windfarms in a cloud-based platform that mimics physical design. Smart automation is also helping energy industries to estimate grid load, electricity consumption and generation, electricity prices, and weather forecasts. This is also named as ‘Gridsense Technology’. It optimizes the use of power for consumers and generators and decreases the peak loads in the grid. Yet, most of the other industrial sectors are not utilizing smart automation technologies and losing out on productivity.

Increased competition and innovation have put immense pressure on traditional industries to advance their services. The traditional organizations should break away from conservative mindsets and must work on developing next-generation initiatives. Businesses should enhance the involvement of their workforce and invest in their capabilities to create a dedicated change management program. They should work upon to develop a practical approach to produce smart automation in their service. There is a greater need to invest in optimizing and combining the right processes for smart automation deployments. Smart automation and technologies should be backed up by greater budgets. Also, there should be a centralized leadership for the governance of smart automation.

Nowadays, technology changes typically focus on dynamic or self-learning control systems. Automation reduces errors, enhances visibility, and improves process efficiency. Automative solutions provide greater quality and return on investment. The ways in which businesses are now managed has taken a paradigm shift. With new technologies, each organization process seems increasingly refined and smarter as compared to earlier manual processes.

Also Read: Smart Home And Home Automation With IoT

Top 10 Furniture Engineering Design Software One Should Use

October 6, 2020

A good design is instrumental in developing engineering products that enhance the core competencies of an organization. Engineering design involves coordinating with various stakeholders to meet the end goals of an organization. A designer has the utmost responsibility to enhance the value of the product, customer experiences, and the visual aspect of a brand. It supports operations and helps in utilizing design expertise to create efficient and effective products. Furniture design solution is one of the sectors where amazing furniture design can change the visual appearance of an organization and help in enhancing the productivity of the employees. But an exquisite furniture design needs an excellent software program where experts can utilize their creative knowledge to deliver results. Here are some of the furniture designing software that a designer can use to create an awesome furniture design.

Furniture Engineering Design

Pro100

Pro100 is an amazing software for designing frame or frameless cabinets, stock cabinets and is increasingly used by garage cabinet manufacturers, kitchen dealers and designers, and cabinet makers. It can export images, record panoramic views, and can share results with the clients. It can generate reports like a price list, cut list, cabinet list, and is very user- friendly. The user can experience 3D design and photo-realism with this software. It can integrate the catalog of the manufacturer int the program and can deliver designs as per user requirements. Pro100 is an easy-to-use software that delivers results based on materials, parts, and styles of the component. This software is highly customizable and has standard metric units. It is very flexible and cost-friendly.

Sweet Home 3D

Sweet Home 3D is a freeware program that helps in designing the furniture at the get-go. It is a perfect software for home and interior designers. It is a powerful tool that can design doors, cabinets, furniture, and appliances. It is a very stable program with no glitches and is recommendable for beginners. Sweet Home 3D has a simple user interface and can deliver a decent layout without any hassle. This program is downloadable from its home website. It also has a number of design tutorials that help a user to know the how-tos of the program. It can run on any desktop operating system and can import and export any drawing formats. It is easy to learn and design a basic design or layout.

SolidWorks

SolidWorks has been increasingly used by the designers for the past few years due to its relatively low-cost, powerful 3D rendering abilities and interface. It is highly used in educational institutions to provide designing skills among students. It is highly customizable and has a very powerful user interface. It can check the weak points, mistakes, and safety issues in the designs and helps in delivering professional results. It can line up elements in the specific areas without manipulating the design of the furniture. It saves time and allows changes in the design before the creation of the physical furniture. It is compatible with many operating systems and can support e-drawings. SolidWorks can sort the annotations and highlight them in the graphic area. It can also check geometric tolerances, reference dimensions, annotation notes.

SketchUp

SketchUp is primarily used for design studies and renderings. It has a flexible modeling system and easy navigation. It is a simple tool that can be customized as per the requirement of the furniture designers. It has various plugins for designing and renderings that offer high-quality and speed. It has many view styles and offers design reviews. It is recommended for solving 3D design problems for professionals as it is quick and flexible. SketchUp can quickly model solutions, review, and try alternative solutions for furniture designers. It is robust enough to manage different file types and modeling tasks. It also provides great graphic options with clean presentations for 3D models.

Woodwork for Inventor

Woodwork for Inventor is a very powerful furniture design software and can fully integrate into Autodesk inventor. It understands the various needs of the woodworkers and offers quick workflow solutions. It has very high flexibility in wood material management and allows working with different materials. It can produce complex furniture designs from different materials and reduces the time to production. Woodwork for inventor allows automatic generation of mortises and tenons. It eases the material assignment and arrangement of furniture hardware. The software library is unified with automated component placement, automatic sculpt, and connection joints. The user interface of the software is excellent and can understand many languages. It is very versatile and follows the skeletal modeling approach for rapid prototype model design.

SketchList 3D

SketchList 3D Pro is used by woodworking enthusiasts to design chairs, benches, tables, closets, fences, and other furniture. It offers a free trial for a few days and after that, it can be availed at a one-time payment. It is a simple program driven by woodworkers and has a high workflow. It can generate pdf files for the approval of the clients and can provide information about the amount of stock necessary for the furniture building. It serves as a guide for designers to develop their idea into reality. It minimizes the wastage of the material by providing the exact quantity of the required material. It can proficiently explain the designs to clients and provides quick estimation and order.

Smart Draw

SmartDraw is relatively easier to use than other software and offers various kinds of charts and graphs. It has many templates that help designers to deliver an amazing design for their clients. It can create mind maps and the complex flowcharts with ease. It is also easily integrated with the Microsoft Office suite. This tool is very useful for complex furniture designs and contributes to the development of diagrams for furniture. It is available for a free trial and is great for beginners. Smart Draw’s user interface is awesome and has no workflow limits even for complex designs. It is great for designs that started from scratch and can be integrated easily with other software. It is also applicable to other industries due to the availability of templates with some useful libraries.

CAD pro

CAD Pro is used by designers and engineers for drawing and drafting, home design and improvement, landscape design and planning, and furniture designing, etc. It helps in creating any complex project with ease and offers interactive features to enable users to insert popup text notes and images. It offers an effortless way to develop furniture designs from straight forward toolsets that includes drafting and dimension tools, photo plugin, paint- pro plus, auto shape and architectural tools, etc. CAD Pro has an easy to use photo editor that can incorporate digital images into any drawings. It provides high accuracy for all drafting needs for easy and automatic drafting. It is customizable and is increasingly used for 2D drawing and 3D modeling. The designs of CAD pro can be easily exported for collaboration into other software.

Polyboard

Polyboard is a perfect mix of design, quality, and price that is used by professional designers for creating designs for furniture. It offers designs for cabinets, fittings, cupboards, and any other assembled furniture. It provides high performance and is very user friendly. It reduces production costs through automation and maintains high quality with a greater margin. It provides a quick workflow with intuitive materials. This software can manage the assembly and manufacturing details automatically. Plyboard can also calculate the real costs of the furniture automatically with 100% accurate cutting lists. It is versatile and can provide 2D and 3D presentations. It can produce the output files for driving your CNC machines. It also offers quick design libraries with all hardware and manufacturing methods.

Master Design

Master Design is highly useful for furniture design professionals. It is very versatile and highly customizable with many flexible features. It has a user-friendly interface and can import and export images. It consists of many high-quality tutorials for user guidance. It has advanced functionalities for plotter printing and can create 2D and 3D designs with ease. Master Design has no pixel limit and can be applied with different graphic filters. It has a very large database with many advanced features. It also has a VR mode that can transverse newly designed furniture in virtual reality mode. This software has a high-definition rendering and can be used in most of the operating system.

Furniture design is gaining relevance and recognition as consumers are increasingly becoming creative with their stuff. Hence these engineering design software has become an integral part of furniture designers to meet new customer needs. Precision is an important feature of furniture design and hence designers should lay focus on concepts and design details. They should be more creative and observant than their competition. Identifying the problems and learning about a customer need can smoothen the designing process as it gives the direction to the work.

Also Read: Critical Factors Involved In Furniture Design Solutions