Smart Home and Home Automation with IoT

September 15, 2020

What is a smart home? This sounds like a really simple question but the answer is in fact not so much. Every person has their own definition for a smart home depending on their requirements or priorities. A general idea of a smart home refers to a convenient setup of your home to connect all the appliances and the devices present in your home to the internet so they could be remotely controlled from anywhere with any device having an internet connection. This is how we have perceived the concept of a smart home for a decade anyways. It had little to do with intelligence but rather with remote control or automation. A decade ago, a home where you could operate your blinders from your smart phone or train your thermostat to adjust with your preferred temperature was enough to call it a smart home. But, today a smart home implies much more than just a remote-controlled living space.

Smart Home and Home Automation with IoT

Today, a smart home coupled with data science and IoT is capable of adjusting itself completely to live up to its resident’s needs and sometimes even exceeding them to give them a safer, more entertaining, and comfortable stay. Using different types of sensory devices, appliances, and the whole spaces, a smart home collects and analyzes that data to determine your usage pattern and accordingly personalize your home to better suit your needs and impart you with a pleasant experience of living in your home.

McKinsey Global Institute has predicted a massive value growth of around the U.S. $11.1 trillion annually for the IoT by the year 2025. A smart home that is always connected to the internet to provide an unprecedented level of control and comfort to its residents will have a major role in this growth.

Today, there are only 12-16% of households in the U.S that use IoT smart home appliances. However, a recent survey indicates an impressive number of potential buyers and some sources even claim that around two-thirds of the consumers are likely to own some kind of smart home IoT devices by the end of the year. Let’s look at some practical uses and benefits of IoT smart home devices;

Monitoring and control – We can now focus our attention and energy on the things that value more in life like family, friends, or career, and it’s all thanks to the brand new level of control that we have over our household owing to the smart home IoT solution and services. We can easily manage and control the full range of functionality of our household devices on a mobile or web application. We don’t have to worry about managing little things in our household that takes up so much from the little time we get to enjoy with our friends and family and all that at literally just a click of a button. Smart system collects data from the connected devices in your household and lets you keep track of how things work in your household. For example, some smart fridges can check on the expiration dates on the products and notify you at the right time to help you optimize your shopping list or how much electricity each device is consuming or the quality of air in your living space, etc.

Optimization of spending – As already mentioned, an IoT enabled smart home system keeps collecting data from the smart devices in real-time to enable transparency to your household. This data provides you insights into electricity, water, and gas consumption. With the generated insights you can easily identify the waste points to adjust your usage accordingly and cut down on any kind of extra utility spending. Aside from that, smart devices are capable of optimizing the use of resources. For example, a smart bulb can detect the presence of residents in the living space and automatically turn on and off depending on the data coming from the presence sensors.

Environmental impact – This is one area where the application of IoT benefits not only the residents but our environment and the whole planet too. By optimizing our use of resources, we are not only reducing our spending but also helping in decreasing our carbon footprint. That’s why IoT is already being considered as the igniting flame of the green energy revolution. IoT enabled appliances and devices enable everyone to optimize the use of their resources in the best possible way so as to cut down on wastage and pollution and promote green energy by reducing carbon emissions. The scope of IoT smart devices is rapidly growing in this sector as it is high time that we start our transition to greener energy sources to prevent inflicting any further damage to our environment at our hands.

Improved comfort – IoT based smart home devices possess a certain level of autonomy that grants them situation-based decision-making capabilities. Thus, a smart bulb can turn on or off depending on the presence of its residents or window blinders adjust themselves to the daylight change to allow just enough light inside the house to make its residents feel comfortable. This decision making capability of smart devices makes our lives easier by operating according to the situations autonomously while still leaving the main controls in our hands.

Enhanced security – When we talk about security for homes, we generally think about security from unintended intrusions and theft. But IoT based smart home systems has broadened the scope of security of households. Now, IoT enabled smart home systems can detect power surges, water or gas leakages, etc. and notify you or respective authorities about the imminent danger and prevent any complications or even a possible catastrophe.

These are a few of the many areas of our lives that can be improved with the introduction of IoT based smart home systems in our households. And while the technology is still premature and has a lot of room for improvement, it has shown promising results so far and is a strong contender for the viable source of green energy.

Also Read: Unleashing The Potential Of IIoT By Connecting The Physical And Digital Worlds

Finite Element Analysis for Industrial Machinery and Equipment

September 8, 2020

Industrial machinery and equipment always present great hurdles for designing reliable manufacturing solutions. Most industrial machines are expensive hence the cost of equipment failure in machinery can be costly. Therefore, manufacturing industries do a careful evaluation of any prospective design before it can be utilized for delivering valuable products.

Finite element analysis is one of the techniques that has been used extensively by industries for the analysis and design of machinery and equipment. Earlier, it was used only as a tool for structural analysis but now it has become an integral part of Computer-Aided Engineering. It is now invariably used for developing electromagnetic and biomechanics solutions. Finite element analysis delivers exact solutions to the complicated partial differential equations of complicated machine geometry and boundary conditions. It transforms partial differential equations into algebraic equations.

The procedure of finite element analysis is simple and can be applied to any of the real-life problems.

  • Finite element analysis is started with an assumed trial solution. It is done so because both the differential equations and the boundary conditions are unknown. It should be noted that the assumed trial solution must satisfy the boundary
  • Generally, the assumed trial solution does not completely satisfy the differential equation hence there is always an error while satisfying the differential equation. This error is also called domain
  • The residual domain varies at different points of the structural domain and it is very difficult to bring it down to nil at every point. Hence, it is ensured that the residual domain is brought down to the smallest unit. So that the weighted sum of the domain residual when estimated over all the structural domain is rendered
  • The estimation of the assumed trial solution is a very difficult process and requires expertise for determining an accurate assumed trial solution. Each structural domain should be discretized into several independent segments which are also called finite elements. These consist of numerous continuous trial functions within each finite element.
  • These trial functions are used to estimate the value of the field variable at any of the points in the interior of the segment. These key points are called nodes. Trial functions that are used in the finite element are known as element level shape functions.
  • This is followed by estimating the weighted sum for the entire structural domain. The element level shape functions are utilized to obtain the weighted sum of domain residual for each of the elements which are further added up over all the elements to compute the weighted sum of the entire structural
  • The estimated value of the elements is then transformed into elemental level characteristic matrices are programmed into software like IDEAS, NASTRAN, etc. The program uses the characteristics matrices of each element that are then added up to obtain the system-level

The finite element analysis method is increasingly used to obtain the solution for structural mechanics problems. It offers easy visualization of the machinery and equipment and is applicable to real-life problems of varied physical domains. One of them is the aerospace industry. The finite element analysis is used for the structural analysis in the aerospace industry. It is used for analyzing mode shapes, natural frequencies, and aero-servo-elastic studies. It is also used in aerodynamics and for analyzing natural frequencies.

 

Finite element analysis is also extensively applicable in the complex configuration of dielectric insulating materials and electrodes. It can be used for enhancing the optimization and dependability of insulated design in high voltage equipment. Finite element analysis can provide an equipotential field plot for a high voltage transformer and can assure the minimization of stray losses in electrical machines. One of the preferred processes for installing a thermal wire bonding between a lead frame and a semiconductor chip is the thermosonic wire bonding. It is connected by a metal wire. Wire bonding technology is a very complex task and works within certain boundaries and specifications, these designs have to meet the objective of lower mass, inertia, and higher dynamic stiffness. In such technologies, finite element analysis helps in analyzing the dynamic rigidity of the system.

 

The method of final element analysis is applicable to various engineering problems because of the common characteristics in the mathematical formulation of the problems. Problems with the same form of partial differential equation generally correspond to varied physical problems. One of the methods that are very powerful in obtaining the solutions of the differential equations is the Weighted Residual (WR) method. Piecewise trial approximation of the weighted residual technique is the basis of the finite element analysis. The finite element analysis of a given differential equation has the following steps:

  • The first step is to note down the weighted residual
  • Then, the differential equation is integrated by performing integration by parts significant times so that the distribution of the differential between the various variables and the weighting function is even. Further, the weak form of the weighted residual is developed. It must be noted that the weak form of the differential equation is within the natural boundary
  • The n elements of the weak form of the differential equation are added
  • Further, the nodes and geometry ie. The finite elements are
  • The function is further interpolated to derive the shape and is further used as a weighting
  • The next step is to structure the element level equations to develop the system equations for a given structure of finite element
  • The equations obtained after the previous step is substituted and solved for the unknown

In manufacturing industries, the crankshaft is an important component of industrial machinery. Crankshafts have to experience fluctuations in torques due to simultaneous strokes in the cylinder. It results in torsional vibrations which occur due to twisting reaction in rotatory shafts. The analysis of the torsional vibration is done by discretizing the crankshaft and other drivelines components. These components are considered as a set of lumped masses and springs. Due to the complex geometry of the multicylinder engine crankshafts, the bending modes are coupled with the torsion modes. Hence the three-dimensional vibrational analysis of crankshaft is done to save time while designing real-life products. Generally, the beam element model is used to analyze automotive crankshaft.

The thermal analysis of a pressure vessel is an important process in equipment manufacturing. It is one of the applications of the finite element analysis. It helps in checking the rigidity and stability of the machinery in challenging conditions. The first step in the thermal analysis of the pressure vessel is the geometrical modeling of the required pressure vessel. The modeling is done for the two-dimensional structure along with the other threads. It should be noted that at a steady-state, the temperature of inside wall should be 300 degrees Celsius while the temperature of the outside wall should be 50 degrees celsius. Further, the distribution of the temperature along the vessel wall and threads should be noted down. The important thing in the thermal analysis of a pressure vessel is to obtain the distribution of the temperature when the gas temperature inside the vessel is at 450 degrees Celcius. The next step is to solve the thermal stresses at the stable state of the vessel which can be followed by finding the temperature distribution of the vessel as a function of time.

Other applications of the finite element analysis are as follows:

  • Structural dynamic analysis of a pressure vessel.
  • Dynamics of a hard disk drive head assembly.
  • Visualizing stress
  • Thermal analysis of an IC Engine
  • Analysis of a turbine
  • Dynamic analysis of a
  • Structural analysis of an automotive chassis dynamics.
  • Dynamics of a scooter

In the method of finite element analysis, the accuracy of the solution is determined in terms of the refined element mesh. There are generally two methods for mesh refinement. First, h- refinement where an increasing number of elements are used to design a particular structural domain. Second, p-refinement where interpolation functions are increased by using the order of the polynomials. The refinement is done to estimate the sequential solutions that show the exact solution.

 

Finite element analysis can be considered a mathematical method for analyzing problems of mathematical and engineering physics. It is applicable to problems with complex loading, material properties, and geometries. Though stress analysis of trusses and beams can be analyzed by finding an analytical solution while finite element analysis is utilized in the situation where the designs are very complex. It is highly required for the situation where the accuracy is essential. It is highly crucial to identify the physical behaviors like fluid flow, strength, and transfer capability of complex objects. It is also useful in understanding the optimal design and predicting the behavior and performance of the design.

 

Some of the industries that use the finite element analysis method in their product delivery are mechanical engineering, civil engineering, automotive engineering, and aerospace engineering. It is useful for analyzing processes like fluid flow, heat transfer, electromagnetic fields, soil mechanics, acoustics, and biomechanics. Industries are increasingly utilizing the capability of this technique by further increasing the durability and design of their equipment and machinery.

 

Also Read – Applications Of Computational Fluid Dynamics

Overcoming Challenges in the Development of Heavy Engineering Products

September 1, 2020

The continuous changes in modern technology have increased the pressure on industries to develop efficient and innovative products. The global industrial and consumer market has grown over the years to keep up with the needs of the customers. Heavy engineering is one of the sectors that have taken hold of the competitive market and has started developing products of numerous functionalities.

Overcoming Challenges in the Development of Heavy Engineering Products

Heavy engineering products are used in the construction industry, shipping, oil and gas industries, automobiles, railways, etc. It manufactures custom design equipment and critical products to the clients. But the development of heavy engineering products is not an easy task and manufacturers have to go through many hurdles before the delivery of the product. Some of the challenges in the development of heavy engineering products are:

Lack of Government Support

Businesses need basic physical infrastructure for economic development such as power supply, roads, transportation facilities, etc. Socio-economic development is the key element in the age of globalization and basic infrastructure development leads to greater profitability of the businesses. Hence, the government should work for enhancing the infrastructural development to enable ease in access to the market for businesses.

Monetary support is also necessary for business development and in times of crisis. The assistance for the development of heavy engineering industries has been poor and inadequate over the years. The government makes laws for the public but some of these laws are not business-friendly. The government should ensure that all its policies are made after the collaboration of all the stakeholders. The government should provide timely assistance by cutting tax rates and easing out other compliances. It is important that the government ensure the success of the businesses by taking into consideration financial support.

Ensure Collaboration

The crucial factor in the development of heavy engineering products is the competitiveness of the sector. One of the challenges that the heavy engineering industry faces is the right team, distributors, and supply chains for product development. The lack of collaboration between the team, customers, and other stakeholders endangers the product and limits product development. It results in loss of revenues, reducing the response rate to the market changes, and innovation hurdles. The lack of coordination among the designers, manufacturers, and sellers creates inefficient resource utilization and duplication of effort.

Greater collaboration among all the stakeholders in the development of heavy engineering product ensures lesser redundancies and structured source of information. It extends the efficient planning of deadlines by following a fixed schedule. It allows information sharing across the enterprise and ensures faster insights into clients’ needs. Enabling collaborated heavy engineering products reduces the production cost and increase innovation.

Enhancing Product Quality

Product quality is one of the factors that ensure greater customer satisfaction and market reach. The quality of heavy engineering products is dependent on the performance, appeal, durability, reliability, characteristics, and service level of the product. Continuous quality improvement ensures profitability, market share, and an increase in new customers. Quality is the constant development of the product as per the customers’ expectations. The product quality can be improved by enhancing work effectiveness and flexibility. The product needs to fill the customer, society expectations, and the goals of the organization. Hence, enhancing product quality is a continuous challenge for heavy engineering industries.

Constant development in the operations of the product development allows effective management of the company and keeps the morale of the organization high. Organizations should prepare high-level training programs and continuous seminars for constant training of the employees. This gives the employees a mental framework to work for customer satisfaction and product innovation.

Meeting Deadlines

Heavy engineering industries have to stay ahead of the time and deliver the products within the expected time of the clients. The development of heavy engineering products is a very complex task and often the development of products extends over the scheduled time. It is very crucial for heavy engineering industries to stay organized over the course of product development and plan ahead of time. The organization should prioritize tasks to meet deadlines and establish a routine to meet the target as per the schedule.

The entire life cycle of the product development should be broken down into small tasks with small deadlines for each task. The task should be achievable, realistic, and specific. The schedule of each task should be noted down so as to remain focused on that particular task as per schedule. Monitoring the progress of product development is the key to ensure the timely delivery to the client.

Reducing Production Cost

Heavy engineering industries have to operate and maintain the equipment for product development at a lower cost. This gives high engineering production units an intense financial pressure to deliver high throughput and profits. Hence, it becomes problematic for industries to decrease production costs by managing their operations and maintenance.

The percentage of replacement asset value is an important benchmark to keep the production running smoothly and safely. It helps in maintaining the resources efficiently. Most of the maintenance activities are unnecessary and unproductive. It reduces the flow of work and increases delivery time. Better alarm and emergency management can enhance the flow of production work. The productivity of the production can be increased by preventing abnormal situations and following correct strategies at work. Optimizing economic performance requires making changes in energy consumption, resource utilization, and production time. Companies should ensure that they prevent the abnormal situation and provide a continuous flow of real-time information.

Competitive Market

A competitive market is a challenge for the heavy engineering industries but it is a good challenge to have as a market without competition hampers industrial development, innovation, and productivity. Heavy engineering products are constantly evolving and are providing endless solutions to various industries globally. A competitive market enhances sales and profits. It catalyzes private sector development and economic growth. But certain government policies, legislations, and ill-conduct of firms destabilize the competitive market and sales.

A competitive market allows companies to use their resources for the development of innovative products and services. It helps in the adoption of better technologies and practices. A competitive market ensures the discovery of the correct market price of a product and attracts revenue for sustainable businesses. The government has the key role to play in ensuring the correct market practices for the holistic growth of the businesses. A good national competitive policy allows for greater market discovery.

Distribution

The distribution is the way of connecting various agencies and intermediaries to complete the physical movement of the finished products and services. It ensures the realization of orders and the promotion of the product. It facilitates information about potential buyers, demand, and competition. An effective distribution channel promotes risk-taking, and thereby innovation. A distribution channel is dependent on each other’s organizational units for the flow of products.

Heavy engineering products require effective distribution channels to meet customer expectations. With the arrival of digital technology, companies have to create alternate distribution models for the dissemination of information. But distribution channels come with numerous challenges and the companies have to tackle them separately. Some of these challenges are integrity issues, disclosure obligations, inappropriate advice, etc. heavy engineering companies can build the trust of the distributors through continuous workshops and seminars to reinforce good ethical conduct. This also helps in greater literacy and protection of consumers.

Marketing

The market for heavy engineering products has been growing globally for the past few decades. It has made it possible for manufacturers to reap the benefits of economic growth and development. The continuous growth of the product in the market requires a dynamic marketing strategy to transfer the product information to the consumers correctly.

A business has to work very hard to identify, satisfy, and retain its customers in the competitive market. Good marketing ensures product, market, and selling orientation. A good marketing strategy comes with competitive positing and a unique brand strategy. The pricing of the product should be fixed by holding a thorough conversation with all the stakeholders. Effective market planning and budgeting enhance sales and profits by promoting the product on different platforms. The traditional platforms like direct mail, telemarketing, trade shows, and events are still an effective way to market a heavy engineering product.

Resource Allocation

Constraints in the allocation of the resources to various needs of the organization are one of the major challenges affecting the heavy engineering industries. The company has to assure an optimum level of finances, workforce, technology, and management support for the effective delivery of the product. The company’s management should ensure the equitable distribution of resources in all of its departments. The company should ensure that all the decisions should be taken transparently and with the knowledge of all the stakeholders.

A company should ensure that it distributes all its skill sets and responsibilities in a planned manner so as to keep up with the development schedule. Optimum utilization of the benchmarks should be done by the management in order to enhance the productivity and efficiency of the resources.

Also Read: How Off-Heavy Equipment Designs Are Transforming?

Step by Step Guide for the Design and Development of an Electronic Device

August 25, 2020

With the advent of digital technology, the electronics industry has taken enormous leaps and has brought a 360 degrees change in the user experience. The electronics sector has been playing and manipulating with the electricity from the time immemorial and has invented many complex user devices. The process of design and development of any electronic devices is almost similar to a normal engineering product.

Electronic Device

Electronic embedded system design services starts with ideation and market research. Further, it is followed by securing funding and developing the product’s regulatory plan. The next phase concentrates on product design, verification, and validation which require a lot of expertise among the designers and developers. Finally, the company focuses on marketing and sales to boost the product’s acceptability among its customers. Here’s a step by step guide for the design and development of an electronic device.

Ideation

The first step of the design and development of an electronic device is to establish an idea about the concept and application of the electronic product. Developers and designers focus on the user’s needs and brainstorm about the next big thing that they want to have in the customer’s life. Idea generation is a very complex task and could consume a lot of time for establishing an idea of a master product.

Market Research

The probability of getting a wonderful idea is very high but such is not the case for its success. Thorough market research is required before finalizing the product. Many developers produce products that are similar to the already available products in the market. In such a case, it becomes a lost commodity and does not generate enough revenue. Developers should note that their product should either be a novel idea or must substitute the other similar products in the market.

Project Timeline and Costs

The project timeline is an important factor that progresses your project with time. It includes the identification of the scheduled future milestones in the project design and development. Significant time should be given to each phase of the project development and developers should focus on achieving the targets within the pre-identified boundaries.

Project Cost is also a crucial factor while developing an electronic product. Each phase of product development requires a significant amount to deliver a result. Businesses should keep track of their finances and should signal flags when the cost overruns the predecided budget.

Prototype Creation

One of the significant steps in electronic device design and development is the creation of the product prototype. It is done to identify the problems in the product and thereby improving its features. This is a great way to troubleshoot the hurdles that the developers would attend in the future. Prototype creation offers the visualization of a realistic representation of the final product.

Funding and Recruitment

A large chunk of money is required to deliver a product in the market on a large scale. Businesses always have a seed investment to develop their product but they can always go for angel investors and venture capitalists as per their required needs. Angel investors are the investors who provide capital at the start of business development in exchange for ownership while the venture capitalists provide funds for early-stage and emerging companies and provide their expert knowledge to the management.

Recruitment of the expert staff is essential for the scale-up of the venture. The electronic device development is a complex work and a thorough practical knowledge is a prerequisite for successful device development. Businesses should focus on their human resources and should offer essential research and training to their staff before the actual product design and development.

Regulatory Plan

Every electronic device is different and has a specific regulatory plan. Developers should ensure that they create and circulate the specific guidelines before the design and development of the product. These guidelines should have the entire how-to and procedural step by step guide in the development of the products. It should all the pros and cons of a particular step so that the staff becomes familiar with the implementation procedures.

QMS implementation

Implementation of the electronic quality management system offers an advantage in developing standard products without any errors. It ensures that each product has followed the standard government and industrial guidelines and doesn’t possess any harm to the customer.

Design and Development Planning

This phase is the one where a business idea is transformed into reality. Proper planning is required to document and review the design controls. A checklist should be developed and marked each time while progressing into the next step. It ensures the progress of electronic product development is in order without any back draws. A good plan includes breaking down the timeline and description of the activities along with offering the responsibility to a particular supervisor for each activity.

Design Inputs and Outputs

Design inputs are the basis of an electronic device and the quality of the device is dependent on the quality of the design inputs. Any future problems regarding the quality of the device pins down to the design inputs, therefore designers should focus on the standard and quality of the product design with all pros and cons.

Design outputs are the ingredients for the development of the product. It includes manufacturing instructions, specifications, and drawings of a particular product.

Design Verification and Validation

The main goal of the design verification is to ensure that the design inputs are as per the design outputs. It involves product testing on various software to ensure the material strength, product age, and fatigue level of the product. Design verification offers the physical value of the product and hence is a crucial factor in the product development process.

Design validation ensures that your product is safe for the end-user and has gone through a rigorous process of various testing and guidelines.

Design Reviews and Changes

Constant monitoring and review are necessary to ensure the compliance of all the guidelines during the product development process. Design reviews should be taken from all the multiple sources in terms of design, manufacturing, quality, marketing, and regulatory compliance.

The evaluation of the design review is followed by identifying the genuine problems and approving the changes in the electronic device.

Risk Management

Risk management is defined as the logical development and implementation of a plan to deal with potential; future losses. The goal of risk management in the electronics industry is to manage the losses and protect the value of its products. It ensures the safety of the user during the working of the product and thereby improving the quality of life of end-users.

Risk Planning

Risk planning involves defining and describing the use of the product. It includes the description of risk management activities, roles, and responsibilities of the supervisors. At last, the methods of risk control are defined in order to mitigate future risks.

Build Supply Partnerships

Businesses require partners to extend their products and services to the market. The management should ensure that they choose the right partners to promote their products. The partners could be contract manufacturers, consultants, service providers, or distributors, etc. It is also essential to complete regular audits of the partners to avoid any fraudulent activities. The selection of the partners should be based on the experience and knowledge of the market.

Product Registration

The registration of the product is crucial before bringing the product in the market. The product is registered with various agencies to assure that the product is compliant with all the mandatory guidelines.

Product Launch

The end goal of any business is to sell their product in the market. It requires a concrete marketing plan to promote and sell the product in the market. It requires email marketing, social media posts, and extensive advertisements to assure the acceptability of the product in the market. The management should ensure that the launch of the product should create considerable hype and show among the customers.

Setting up a distribution network

A significant aspect of product delivery is the creation of the distribution network. It assures the ease in product distribution to the customers. It helps in offering marketing support and is useful in organizing events such as conferences and exhibitions.

Post Launch Surveillance

Once the product is available to the customers in the market, the businesses have the responsibility to monitor the performance of their electronic device. Post-market surveillance is essential to check any of the drawbacks or problems that the customers possibly be facing.

Customer Feedback

Customer feedback is an important aspect to progress any business. It helps in improving the delivery of services and products. It can assure the level of customer satisfaction among the customers. Responsiveness to customer feedback ensures that the management values the opinion of the customers and thereby enhancing customer experience. It also ensures faster delivery of the information to the customers and improves customer retention.

The end goal of any electronic device is to provide a next-generation customer experience to its users. The businesses are focusing not only on enhancing customer retention but also on the sustainability of their product by following cyclic practices.

Also Read: How Rapid Prototyping Helps You Design And Develop Products Quickly

The Future of CAE in Product Design

August 4, 2020

In the past, computer aided engineering (CAE) had a very limited application, being primarily used for advanced research and development, and for other specialty tasks which required simulation and optimization. In the modern world, CAE now has a much broader usage, and is routinely used to help accelerate the whole process surrounding product development. In the future, CAE will become even more sophisticated and it will help to model ever more sophisticated designs, while also reducing the time needed for getting a product to market.

CAE and simulation

Simulating various scenarios has proven to be of enormous value in validating and perfecting the design of various products. One excellent example is how it is no longer necessary to crash a sport utility vehicle into a barrier several times in order to analyze the results. Instead, engineers can conduct virtual crash tests using highly capable computers, and then tweaking designs so as to make the vehicle safer.

It’s not hard to see how a ton of money can be saved by not having to destroy a vehicle in multiple crash tests, and simply simulating the whole process on a high-performance computer. This has significantly increased the value of simulation and moved it solidly toward the direction of the initial phases of design for a product.

It’s very commonplace for engineers to use CAE software for the purpose of creating initial designs, as well as for optimizing the product itself. Some of this optimizing involves subtracting material from a potential product, so as to reduce its overall footprint while making no sacrifices regarding performance or strength. This has allowed CAE engineers to enhance performance as well as ergonomics, increase value and affordability, and to produce products which are more energy- efficient and which are more sustainable.

It’s not an exaggeration to say that simulations such as these have been at the forefront of advancing product development timelines, and that they have created all kinds of innovative designs for improving reliability and quality.

CAE Simulation

More sophisticated CAE tools

Engineers can also focus on high-value tasks more and more, because software tools have now emerged which automates all the best designs practices, as well as providing sophisticated analysis features. Product engineering has been boosted significantly by using customizable workflow processes that expedite development and testing, as opposed to spending a great deal of time inputting data to a system, and having to validate any particular model. This has freed up time for software engineers, so they can create new designs and develop new capabilities for products which have a ready market.

CAE and Covid-19

With the world currently in the grip of the coronavirus pandemic, CAE has moved to the forefront to provide crucial training for healthcare personnel, so that diagnoses can be quickly formulated, and treatment administered. One of the best examples of how CAE is supporting this effort is with a brand-new Lung Simulator which has been developed to help train clinicians in the techniques which are generally used in lung ultrasounds.

Lung imaging has already been implemented on an international basis to help manage treatment options for those impacted by the Covid-19 virus. Since the CAE lung simulator perfectly replicates many of the properties of actual human tissue, it allows students to practice their ultrasound imaging skills so they can diagnose many of the findings commonly associated with coronavirus.

Using this CAE imaging simulation, students can learn all about ultrasound system controls, applying PPE, recognition and understanding of coronavirus lung anatomy, and the positioning and navigation between intercostal spaces. This is a lifesaving technology which can serve as the best available training tool for identifying coronavirus which has settled into a patient’s lungs. It has been developed so that it perfectly mimics each of the stages of the coronavirus disease as it affects a person’s lungs.

The future of CAE

There are definitely some trends beginning right now in the world of CAE which are expected to intensify in the very near future, and become part of mainstream CAE technology. One of these is the democratization of perpetual licenses which are currently sold by big CAE corporations. There are already a number of CAE applications which are available free of charge or very near free. A whole slew of products is beginning to appear which will allow users to pay as they go, and to use the tools anywhere at all without regard to a specific computing device.

Another trend which is rapidly gaining momentum is that of system modeling with the use of CAE software. Currently, it’s fairly routine for engineers to design and analyze parts or assemblies, but a full system analysis is rarely pursued by designers and developers. Technology which is currently emerging will allow CAE professionals to test entire systems, so that performance of the holistic entity can be analyzed. An example might be the case where several discrete assemblies within an automobile are tested according to current methodologies. In the near future, more testing will focus on analyzing results from a complete automobile, and its behavior under various conditions.

In the past and even in most cases during the present, it has been necessary to perform a new analysis whenever a new design for a product arises. CAE of the future will cut through much of this wasted effort and allow engineers to mine data from other simulations, and couple it with analytics so as to help understand design strengths and weaknesses.

Also see more about: Elements Of CAD Design Services

One really exciting effort which is just beginning to gain traction is known as multi-scale modeling, which offers the opportunity to use the same CAE software to model objects at a molecular level as well as objects the size of a rocket ship. The benefits of having such a capability would be to conduct multi-scale modelling with the same software tool, rather than having to conduct two separate modelling efforts.

It may well be that some of these trends may not receive widespread support in the future, but it does appear that they provide such obvious benefits that it’s very likely most of them will become mainstays of future CAE processes. Look for some or all of these trends to achieve widespread acceptance in the CAE world, and for CAE to become an even more effective tool for designing, developing, and simulating.

Applications of Internet of Things (IoT) in Engineering

July 28, 2020

The network of physical objects that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the internet together constitutes the Internet of Things (IoT). These physical objects range from ordinary household items to industrial tools. According to an analysis, more than 7 billion connected IoT devices at present. It is expected that it will grow to 10 billion by the end of 2020 and possibly 22 billion by 2025.

Applications of Internet of Things (IoT)

Advantages of IoT:

The IoT has emerged as one of the new technology where integrating the devices using the internet in an active manner holds the key. The various advantages of the IoT are:

  • Time-saving: The probability of making the right decision lies with the data. The more the information, the easier it is to make the right decision. Knowing what to bring from the confectionery shop without checking at your own, not only saves times, also brings ease to life.
  • Ease of life: The computers through the embedded sensors on different products can gather the information on the expiration date of products before one consumes. Hence it improves the quality of life.
  • Cost-effective: Money is the new god. This technology could replace the manpower who are in charge of monitoring and maintaining supplies.
  • Improved Device Communication: IoT is a web of physical devices connected to each other and interacting. Hence improves device-to-device communication.
  • Gathering Useful Data: The more the information we are available with, the better and informed choices one can make about the policymaking, governing issues, and challenges, etc.
  • Automation: The digital control with wireless support made control and automation of large data possible. The machines can lead a faster and timely output and reduced the machine-man interaction disorganized gap.

The Internet of Things potential has a lot to offer for making life and technology easier than ever. Without any second thought, such positive technology is the one that most people can look forward to.

Application of IoT in Mechanical Engineering:

  • Ease of governing the machines: The motors, valves, pumps, and other traditional components are fastly employing the operating through software. These software-driven controls through IoT could be controlled even from far distances and ensuring the proper operation of the machine.
  • Increased communication: IoT enhances the ability of the manufacturer to communicate with the product and production line. IoT enabled commercial PLM systems can significantly bring value to the work done by the mechanical engineers, especially with regard to product quality and reliability design activity. The utilization of IoT in product development contains a huge potential to further enhance product quality and reliability.
  • Strengthening ethics: Further, the IoT-enabled commercial PLM system will help in maintaining the ethical sense of mechanical engineers and understand the importance of physical data in the field.
  • Field testing: For the field testing of the mechanical design, the IoT-enabled sensors can help the mechanical design engineers to fix the issues and improve the features further.
  • Imparting value to digital twin technology: The IoT can become the backbone of the “digital twin” type of technology which contributes to new mechanical engineering style, making new digital engineering innovation.

Accordingly, mechanical engineers must assess their design engineering based on “physical data” in the real world with “virtual data” with the help of the IoT.

Application of IoT in Electronics Engineering:

The IoT has already revolutionized the field of electronics engineering and in the coming times, the expectations are that it will make the field more efficient and smart.

  • Home Automation: One of the basic applications is home automation embedded with IoT. It will give the real-time status of the home appliances and significantly helps in reducing the electricity bills.
  • Improving Security: The security systems using IoT can help the surveillance of the home, offices, and other establishments. Imagine the presence of a strange person in front or backyard of my house is notified to me and immediately the image taken by the surveillance camera is sent to me.
  • Instructing Solar Panels: The solar panel can be rotated according to the clock so that it can produce electricity efficiently. Embedding of the air pressure sensors can help to show the wind speed and dust along with it. Accordingly, the solar panels can be covered in order to avoid dust deposition on it through the IoT-enabled devices.
  • Microcontrollers: All the micro-controllers in a device can be controlled, instructed, and monitored through IoT.

Application of IoT in Electrical Engineering

Application of IoT in Electrical Engineering:

  • IoT SCADA: SCADA is centralized monitoring and control of remotely located generation and transmission systems. It consists of various parts such as actuators, sensors, controllers, and communication devices. The IoT SCADA is a step beyond the SCADA. The IoT SCADA provides real-time signal acquisition and data logging using the internet and IoT servers. IoT integrates the devices, machines, sensors, and other electrical equipment with the internet.
  • Smart Metering: Traditional electrical equipment like electrical units reading the meter, when integrated with IoT reduces operational costs by managing the meter from the electricity office. It also detects energy theft and losses.
  • Smart Grid: The power generated can be utilized in an optimum manner as per the load demand with intelligent equipment devices installed at each of the sub-station. The IoT can automate these substations and can better address the optimum distribution of power to these sub- stations especially during peak hours.

Application of IoT in Civil Engineering:

The IoT has a huge impact on the field of civil engineering. Few of them are:

  • Preventive Maintenance Programs: IoT can be used for preventing the breakdown. The different sensors can be used along with intelligent devices to anticipate the breakdown and hence putting preventive maintenance in place. These sensors can collect the data in real- time and then report it to the maintenance crew.
  • Real-Time Construction Management Solution: The timely completion of the construction saves a lot of money, and brings efficiency to the system. Many tasks needed to be completed such as tracking and measuring building supplies or tagging field equipment etc. The use of IoT technology can reduce the manual burden of tracking, measuring building supplies, etc by collecting relevant information in real-time and delivering it to the people concerned. It will also help the management and decision-makers to improve or correct the project’s course.
  • Automated documentation: The reports based on filling out the blanks can easily be filled up using the data routed through IoT. Such reports can be used for inspection, insurance, and liability events, etc.
  • Workers’ safety: The construction sites are full of risk as an accident can happen at any time. The supervisors and managers need to be very careful about this. The real-time tracking of the worker can be accomplished using the IoT and ensuring the safety of the workers.
  • Decision Making: IoT can be deployed to extract the insights of the places which are more complex and need a thorough understanding. For example, during the construction of a dam, there is a need to monitor the surrounding area for any stress developing because of such a project. It will help the decision making body for taking further decisions.

Application of IoT in Biomedical Engineering:

IoT in biomedical is one of the current topics of research. According to a recent report, the adoption of IoT brings exceptional changes in operational efficiency. Few of the application are:

  • Wearable devices and IoT: The e-healthcare tracks the e-health status. The various wearables are currently used in e-healthcare. The integration of wearables with the IoT is the emerging area of research in biomedical with IoT. The wearables devices recording blood pressure, heart rate monitoring, glucometer, etc give the patient access to personalized attention. Such devices also remind about the calorie count, exercise check, variation in blood pressure, and appointment with doctors.
  • Superlative Care: The deep use of IoT in the field of biomedical will surely bring better healthcare and timely intervention of the doctors. It will break the boundary of patient-doctor interaction limited to visits. It empowers the physicians to deliver superlative care.
  • Faster Disease Diagnosis: Continuous monitoring of patients using IoT helps in early diagnosis of disease based on symptoms.
  • Lesser stay in hospital: Using IoT to monitor the patient from a remote location helps in reducing the length of staying at the hospital and prevents re-admission. Continuous health monitoring opens the door of proactive care.

Internet of Things is a concept that paves the way for real-world things connected to each other through the virtual world and interacting actively. The IoT has the potential to transform and revolutionize all the engineering fields and hence making the life of people easier. It facilitates monitoring, evaluation, recording, taking informed decisions, and governance to the user. It enhances efficiency, reduces operational and labor costs, and saves time. But there is a need of exploring the field to a new high. Such as in the case of the biomedical field, there is a lot of scope of taking the IoT to a new level. The biomedical field is one of the crucial areas where one needs to introduce the IoT as soon as possible so that effective and timely care be provided to the patients. Integration of devices using the internet will surely improve efficiency, but there will be associated challenges with it such as security of data stored in the cloud or the data moving a to-and-fro infinite number of times across the internet.

Also Read: The Growing Role Of IoT After Covid-19

Delivering Engineering Services Through Remote Work

July 21, 2020

Businesses around the world are having to conform to new modes for running their organization. This coerces companies to adjust themselves to new technologies and services. Adapting to the ever-changing environment is the need of the hour and businesses are rapidly adjusting to service their clients far from home to transform themselves for a successful transition post COVID.

Over the years, remote working has become trendy and popular around the world and globalization has made a rapid stride as businesses are increasingly asking for services from companies around the world. Remote working has become a substitute for onsite working as it improves productivity and saves costs.

Delivering Engineering Services Through Remote Work

Remote working generally refers to the provision of a service by working far from the actual business location using an internet connection and other forms of technology. Though it is not typically limited to location. Earlier, only software and information technology services were used to deliver through remote working but now other engineering services have marshaled themselves to deliver services and have made significant progress. Engineering services like computer aided engineering, design and detailing, product design and development, value engineering and value analysis, data migration, and reverse engineering can be accessed through various companies working remotely. Working remotely can rightly impact the delivery of the service in terms of productivity and efficiency.

The first step while delivering the client’s promise is to know your clients and their needs. Companies delivering engineering services around the world by working remotely face a common set of hurdles as they try to meet increased clients‟ expectations. Yet many case studies show that while the problems may be consistent, yet the ways in which they are being dealt with vary considerably.

The quality of engineering services is accessed by the efficiency of service delivery. Gone are the days when services were measured by revenue and employment generation. Due to the ever-increasing customer expectations, the effectiveness and efficiency of engineering services delivery are seen as important components of a business that is offering services remotely.

Delivering Engineering Services Through Remote Work

While the expectations for the better product designs and services is a common factor among the clients yet rewards and outcomes span these key areas in remote working.

Sensitive: Companies should install smart mechanisms in their business to address any fluctuation in meeting service levels in engineering and to thrust modifications in the service delivery unit.

Alternative: Companies should have different alternatives for a particular engineering product so the client could choose its „product of choice‟ depending on the particular need at a specific time.

Value: The value of a service is generated by client satisfaction, not business processes hence the client needs to believe that the product delivery mechanism is cost-effective.

Consolidation: Company’s product delivery mechanism should be integrated and there should be no wrong door policy for the clients.

Satisfaction: Personalization of the service is important to make sure that clients are satisfied and they are experiencing better services as compared to what they were receiving from companies working onsite.

Participation: Companies working remotely should deliver their services as per the client’s demand. The company’s behavior should be participatory and faithful to the customer’s needs.

Speed: The delivery of the product should be at the shortest possible time for the client with all the checks and analysis.

Maintaining Transparency is also one of the key aspects to deliver engineering services through remote work. Remote companies have encompassed this assertive approach in their business and have successfully delivered unmatched services to their clients. Businesses see it as a bipartisan process as both clients and service providers agree to freely share information and work as an integral unit. Many helpful case studies prove that greater transparency brings better productivity and hence builds trust which has the emulous advantage both within the company and in their dealings with clients.

Delivering Engineering Services Through Remote Work

Delivering engineering products to the clients goes through various phases and care should be taken while working remotely. This starts with the conceptual phase where the idea is shared by the client, then through coordination of design and construction, and ends with the delivery of the product by the company. The management of the product usually follows these steps while working remotely.

  • Product Definition: It involves the principle of the product, its configurations, and the components used in order to meet the requirements of the client. It defines the well- meant use by the client upon the completion of the product.
  • Product Scope: This segment defines the work that must be done. It focuses on the quality, quantity, and labor that must be executed.
  • Product Budgeting: It involves the client‟s permissible budget with which the product must be developed. It also includes various taxes arising from the delivery of the product.
  • Product Planning: This step selects and assigns the project to its staff according to the experience and intellect. It identifies the task with the particular employee in order to perfect the work.
  • Product Scheduling: In order to develop the product as per the schedule, micro- management of the task is done and activities are organized in a logical sequence. The costs and resources are linked to the scheduled activities to keep the product under budget.
  • Product Tracking: measuring, work, time, and costs is an important task to ensure that the product is progressing as planned.
  • Product Delivery: The product is delivered once the client is satisfied after it has gone through various tests and product analysis. Testing and inspection ensure client satisfaction.

Remote working organizations are considered highly effective if they are responsive to the trust and loyalty of their clients. This includes including modern technology in the service delivery process and offering a set guarantee with set and clear performance standards. It is important to develop service-level mechanisms appropriate to each client as per the requirements. Some clients prefer automatic, easy-to-obtain, and accurate responses whereas others demand a personal and relationship-based approach.

One other important tool is to understand customer experience by ensuring regular customer feedback. Feedback from the client and front-line staff can ensure that product improvement strategies are being implemented and will offer valuable differences to clients. It is significant for the companies to develop systems and processes to enable themselves and adapt alongside the changing times. Businesses should ensure a central and accessible system to manage all the product delivery and communications and a keep the client connected with the staff.

Companies who are delivering engineering design services remotely should set their agenda straight and focus on:

  • Companies should strengthen their service delivery so as to provide next-generation client satisfaction.
  • They should continuously build their capacity to offer client-centric-models and mitigate any rising customer risks so as to deliver what was promised.
  • “The customer is the king” and hence service delivery should be as scheduled.
  • Companies should be transparent to their clients and should share periodic reports and analysis. Regular client feedback should be taken.
  • At last, businesses should keep on innovating so as to inculcate best practices to ensure state-of-the-art engineering services.

Earlier, remote working used to be a challenge for organizations to deliver their services to far-off places. But the internet has tremendously closed this gap to nil and enabled businesses to offer their services with perfection both onsite and remote. Engineering service companies should choose the correct model of service delivery by successfully promoting themselves around the realization of the benefits of their clients while working remotely.

Also Read: Engineering Initiatives To Reduce Your Time-To-Market

The Growing Role Of IoT After Covid-19

July 14, 2020

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the physical devices that are connected to the internet around the globe, which are simultaneously collecting and sharing the data. These items range from wearable fitness devices that can monitor your health by measuring your blood glucose, heart rate, number of steps you take, stress and oxygen level, to smart microwaves that cook your food for an appropriate time, to smart cars that sense any object in their path. These are few of the applications that show the ubiquity of IoT in our daily life. After collecting the various data, they suggest what is best suitable for us and slowly taking us to set out the next-generation technology experience.

The basic concept of the Internet of Things is to connect all the things in the world to the internet.

The Growing Role Of IoT After Covid-19

With the rapid growth of devices connecting to the internet, many experts are predicting that two-third of the new businesses will be dependent on IoT by the end of 2020. Keeping this in mind, IoT offers the potential for a “fourth industrial revolution”.

An unprecedented situation has arisen due to COVID-19, which has impacted our society as well as the economy. But many companies have turned this adversity into an opportunity as there are indications that the world will be more dependent on digital technologies from now on. Currently, the companies are embracing digital technology as they have to work remotely to serve their clients.

How does IoT Work?

The “Things” in the “Internet of Things” that are connected to the internet have been divided into three categories:

  • First Things: a collection of information and then share it.
  • Second Things: receive information, analyze, and then act on it.
  • Things that do both.

The ecosystem of an IoT consists of smart devices that are web-enabled and use embedded systems such as sensors, processors, and communication hardware that collect the information and then share, analyze the data that they acquire, and then act on it. The data obtained by the sensors of an IoT from the environment is shared by connecting to an IoT gateway which sends the data to the cloud for analysis, or the data is analyzed locally. Many a time, these devices may connect to similar devices and share the information and then act on the data they acquire from one another. No human intervention is required for these devices to work, however people set them up to give instructions or access that data.

There is a wide range of real-world applications of the internet of things, from consumer and enterprise IoT to industrial and manufacturing IoT.

Consumer IoT

Consumer IoT

For consumer IoT, there are smart homes that are equipped with smart appliances such as smart thermostats. These smart homes are connected with lighting, heating, and electronic devices can be remotely controlled through smartphones.

Wearable devices that are equipped with software and sensors can collect and analyze the data of the users and then send information of the users to other technological devices with the aim in order to make the lives of users more comfortable and user-friendly.

Healthcare IoT

In healthcare, IoT has the ability to closely monitor patients by using the analysis of the generated data. IoT systems have been used in hospitals to perform several tasks, i.e. inventory management for medical devices and pharmaceuticals.

Infrastructure IoT

Smart buildings are equipped with sensors that can detect how many occupants are there in a room, which further reduces energy costs. The temperature of the room can be adjusted automatically — for instance, when the room is full, the sensor turns the air conditioner ON. In contrast, the sensor turns the air conditioner OFF when the room is empty.

Similarly, in a smart city, the deployment of IoT sensors may assist smart meters and smart streetlights such that they can help in alleviating the traffic, conserving the energy, and improve sanitation to address the environmental crisis.

Agriculture IoT

In the agriculture sector, smart farming systems based on IoT can help monitor temperature, light, the moisture of the soil, and humidity of the crop field by using connected sensors. It offers the potential for automation of the irrigation system.

Role of IoT in post-COVID-19 era

The IoT is performing a vital role in the fight against COVID-19. It has thrived over the years and the society as a whole is now ready to cherish the services of the advanced devices that are working with “IoT technology”. As this technology is already available in the market for some time now, hence the developers don’t have to design everything from scratch to make it useful for the COVID era. With the ever-increasing need for contactless use of technology and services, IoT is making sure to deliver on the promises and thrive at this crucial moment.

Many IoT Consulting companies are collaborating with NGOs and policymakers to develop innovative technical solutions that will be beneficial in the fight against Covid-19. These solutions may bring relief to society, making sure that businesses will thrust out of this pandemic.

To name a few, these technologies include:

Connected-Thermometers: The most fundamental symptom of COVID is fever. In a post COVID era, you might be watching the scanners everywhere to check temperature whenever you are entering any hospitals, banks, stores, etc. The IoT technology feeds the data of every scanner into a national database through which a real-time map can be generated to see where the spike of the fever might be so that the government can declare that region as a hotspot. This can be one of the valuable pieces of information processed in current scenario which can help the citizens maintain precaution.

Wearable: Many smart wearable electronic items in the market are enabled with sensors. These sensors play a very crucial role in the healthcare system as they can monitor the patient’s heart rate, blood oxygen, temperature, glucose level and send the signal to the doctors if the patient is in the critical condition. Timely monitoring of these symptoms can save a patient’s life.

The smart wrist band can also help track the person’s location. If someone is traveling from one place to another, these wrist bands can track their location and send the signal to the authorities, ensuring the person is following the home quarantine norms or not.

Accounting: In the COVID-19 crisis, businesses have been greatly affected in a way they perform their payments and accounting, particularly when the companies are pushing for a transition to digital collaboration and remote work. IoT implementation in accounting improves the distribution of data as it allows accountants to receive the financial data digitally. This would allow faster evaluation of the problem and analysis of risk. Thus the businesses can respond faster.

Robots: While at the hospital, robots are helping the doctors in caring for the patients. Doctors operate several surgeries via robots with more precision. In the Covid-19 era, robots are often used to deliver medication, food, and liquid to the patients. This reduces human interaction with the COVID affected patient and requires less staff. Less human interaction with the patient ultimately leads to a few cases and will help in slowing the transmission rate.

Drones: Drones are being used to spray the sanitizers or disinfectants in the public places and vehicles that are traveling to hotspot regions. They are also being used in transporting medical and essential supplies, lessening the risk of human contact. Drones are also helping in tracking the places where social distancing norms are not being followed in public.

IoT and embedded systems have already contributed significantly to the fight against Covid-19. As IoT’s footprint is growing exponentially and anticipated to hit 20.4 billion users before the end of this year, we may foresee many further permutations to be carried out while the pandemic lingers.

Also read about: Factors To Consider In IoT Product Design

Trends in Embedded Software Development

August 6, 2019

Embedded Software development is yet another service in the tech domain growing quite rapidly. As per global industry analytics, this space is said to grow by US$243 Billion by 2020. Expanded development as well as rapid growth in wearable consumer electronics and production is the reason behind its growth.

This service is filling the gap of lower productivity, lack of modern innovation and similar issues. It has all the scope to expand further and further in this competitive scenario. Some of the recent trends are luring stakeholders from different domains to look at it more seriously. Here are those trends which is spearheading the Embedded Software Development.

Use of AI

In the recent decade, a lot of changes happened in the tech space. One such is the advent of speech recognition in search engines. A decade before, speech recognition had an accuracy of only 70 percent. But over a period, it has improved multifold and online search engine voice recognition is much more sophisticated and simple.

Embedded Software Development

Almost all are drifting towards voice search than typing keywords. Speech recognition is not the only service which grew rapidly. We have also seen, biometrics, AI powered hardware and robotic automation as well as virtual assistants. So much investments are done on AI powered innovations be it product or service. Hence we will soon come across a lot of AI powered technologies be it product or service.

Wearable Smart Devices

Like AI powered, we also come across a lot of wearable smart devices. Be it smart watch or a smart clock, we have seen a lot of them making rounds in the recent past. Amazon’s Alexa especially is something to reckon with. Now with IoT, an integration of all these devices with home controls is also soon on the cards. Hence we can say, you can connect all your devices to your home appliances to operate them. For example, even if you forget to turn off your geyser switch, you’ll be reminded.

Ecommerce

In the recent decade, Ecommerce has also grown multifold like other industries. Now we have an ecommerce portal for every single equipment and product that we see. Both B2B and B2C ecommerce portals exist as on date and there are thousands of them serving millions. In the coming days, we can expect to see a lot of B2B healthcare ecommerce portals emerging. Also, ecommerce portals in the healthcare space were so far didn’t reach several people despite its high usage. But now the awareness is spreading beyond limits and we can soon see a lot of people buying medicines online.

Smart Home Services

Consumer demands are changing from generation to generation. While baby boomers had a simple requirement with limited features, millennials are expecting something with unlimited features. This growing consumer demands is driving the smart home exodus. Already we see real estate projects coming with smart service enablement.

Embedded Software Development has a big role to play here as well. Right from integrating devices to managing home automations, it has a larger role to play. Therefore in the near future a lot of development is expected in this space.

Embedded Software Development is an emerging field and it finds a lot of scope in smart home services alone. Technosoft Engineering offers this service to a range of smart home service providers. Its state-of-the-art facility and cutting edge innovation drives results with positive synergies.

Applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics

April 2, 2019

From the external view, we all see industrial equipment as just a sheer assembly of all components. But what goes into manufacturing one is enormous. Assembling components alone are not involved in manufacturing of industrial equipment. Validation is an important part of the process and under validation comes the testing of Computational Fluid Dynamics. Perfect and stunning outer look alone won’t say equipment is fit to be launched in the market. Rather how it reacts to different conditions and is it resistant to untoward incidents. So many tests like finite element method, spectral element method, coherent vortex simulation, direct numerical simulation to name a few are done to ensure each equipment manufactured is in the best of all conditions to make the end user’s ride comfortable. Here are some of the applications of Computational Fluid Dynamics.

CFD Services

Thermal Management

For any product controlling temperature is quite critical. If you’re operating a chemical reactor less than the required temperature the yield turns out to be less. At the same time, too high temperature will make it toxic for the workforce. Hence thermal management test is a must for any industry application. CFD involves a combination of unique simulations and analysis that generates unique results. Several cases are solved based on assumptions and general rules, but for critical cases like thermal management CFD turns out to be more viable.

Cavitation

Pumps, valves, compressors and fuel injectors are often prone to formation of vapour bubbles. It is quite a common challenge and in many cases can pull down the overall performance of the equipment. Excessive noise and vibration is one among the biggest challenges posed by cavitation. Hence to fix this issue, wide of range of CFD analysis and simulations can be utilized. Cavitation is a problem which can be avoided if the design is right. Hence engineers can utilize an array of CFD analysis methods to see the design doesn’t produce a model which is prone to cavitation in any of the relevant components.

Turbomachinery

Improving efficiency of turbochargers and turbopumps is a big challenge for any manufacturer. Experts say improving this performance can actually save billions of money spent on air transport and gas powered electrical industry. Also, performance improvements with regard to safety, operating range, reliability, operating costs and time to market are other set of challenges involved. Accurate simulation is the optimal solution to overcome this issue and CFD applications are the right ones to do so. With CFD, not only your efficiency and reliability increases, but also you can lower your emissions.

Structure Interactions

An important challenge involved in fluid flow management is structural interactions. Interaction of fluid with structures will actually cause damage to some parts and cause deformations. This in turn might change the course of fluid flow. To overcome this, you need to fix this issue in the design stage itself. To predict possible fluid and structural interactions, Computational Fluid Dynamics comes as a problem solver with its optimal simulations and analysis. Hence with CFD, you can better understand the behavior of your product and avoid challenges.

Technosoft Engineering with an experience of two decades in the field of computational fluid dynamics offers impeccable solutions to simplify complex processes. Refer to this page to understand how the offerings of Technosoft are unique and how it keeps your ante up in the market. Also, know the Trends in Electrical Engineering Services.