Why Is Finite Element Analysis The Most Trending Thing Now?

October 20, 2020

In today’s world, the development of products is carried out in a systematic manner so as to create high-quality products effectively and efficiently. A product may have various requirements that are evaluated for different solutions to unify the development procedures. Product analysis is carried out at the end for the verification of the product and assists engineering designers to simulate the behavior of the product for further screening. Product analysis has become an important part of the product development process as it helps in the prediction of the final product behavior. One of the most important ways for product analysis is Finite Element Analysis.

Finite Element Analysis

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is a numerical method for solving the problem of mathematical and engineering physics. It is used for solving complex geometries, material properties, and loadings where analytical solutions are very difficult to obtain. It is a way to simulate loading conditions to determine the design’s response to those conditions. It is modeled using discrete building blocks called elements. Each of these elements has an exact equation that represents the response to a particular load. FEM has become a powerful tool for solving differential equations and integral differential equations.

The final element method was first used by academic and industrial researchers in the 1950s for evaluating the suspension bridges and steam boilers. Since then it has grown in function and has been used for reducing the amount of prototype testing. It allows multiple simulation scenarios for testing that are used for cost and time savings. It extends reduced testing and redesign costs to shorten the product development cycle. It identifies safety issues or any irregularities in the development of the product. This process is helpful in finding design shortcomings before any future litigations. Designers are increasingly using it with CAD programs to allow solid modeling and mesh generations.

Finite element analysis is applied by businesses in engineering such as aerospace, civil, automotive, and mechanical, etc. It is used to analyze the fluid flow for structural and stress analysis for static and dynamic equations. Modern engineers are also using this process for analyzing the fluid flow and heat transfer in technical and industrial equipment. It is helpful in analyzing electromagnetic fields, soil mechanics, acoustics, and biomechanics.

In the method of finite element analysis, the accuracy of the solution is determined in terms of the refined element mesh. There are generally two methods for mesh refinement. First is h-refinement where an increasing number of elements are used to design a particular structural domain. Second is p-refinement where interpolation functions are increased by using the order of the polynomials. The refinement is done to estimate the sequential solutions that show the exact solution.

In this approach, solutions of the equations are converted into small finite segments. These elements are then further assembled to obtain an overall system of linear algebraic equations. Here is the general process of linear static structural analysis.

The first thing in the finite element method is to divide the solution into small elements so that the structure can be modeled. It is done after deciding the type, number, size, and arrangement of the elements in 1D, 2D, 3D, or axis symmetry. This is followed by the selection of a proper interpolation or displacement model as the structure of the model is very difficult to predict. It is done by assuming a solution from a computational point of view.

Further, strains and stresses are derived from the displacement model within each element by using Hooke’s law and strain-displacement relationship. As the displacements within each element are unknown variables, the compatibility equations within the element are automatically satisfied. The assumed displacement model is also helpful in deriving the load vector and the stiffness matrix by using the various variational principle. The next step in the process is to assemble the elemental equations to derive the overall equilibrium equations. The individual element stiffness matrices and load vectors are assembled in a systematic order for the overall equilibrium equation. The assembly of stiffness is carried out only on elements sharing a particular node. The process of finding the appropriate location for each of the individual element matrix in the global matrix is called the Direct Stiffness Method.

The next step in the finite analysis method is the imposition of boundary conditions in contact problems. After the incorporation of boundary conditions, the equilibrium equations are expressed. The element stresses and strains are further computed by using the equations of solid or structural mechanics.

Finite element analysis can readily handle the complex geometry and types of analysis. It can easily provide the results for vibration analysis, fluid analysis, heat transfer, transients, and no-linear. It can also handle complex loadings such as node-based loading or point loads, time or frequency-dependent loading, and element-based loading for estimating

pressure, thermal or inertial forces. The finite element method can model large displacements and rotations. It can also describe special material effects like swelling, creeping, plasticity, and temperature-dependent properties. It is very useful in handling the complex restraints for analyzing the intermediate structures and non-isotropic materials such as orthotropic and anisotropic materials.

In addition to the above advantages of the finite element method, there are numerous shortcomings as well. The finite analysis method is an approximate mathematical model of a system and a specific numerical result is derived from specific problems. This results in a general closed-form solution to examine the response to changes in various parameters. It requires vast experience and knowledge to construct a genuine finite system model. Further, it accumulates the error and rounds off most of the digits. It is susceptible to modeling errors by choosing a poor type of element. It can distort elements and sometimes geometry is not perfectly modeled. Finite analysis modeling requires a selection of proper mesh size and there is greater unwanted data. Greater memory and high-speed processors are required to carry out the analysis and are incapable of handling incompressible fluids.

There are many commercial finite element modeling packages available in the market. Some of these are ADINA, SOLIDWORKS, ABAQUS, ALGOR, ANSYS, C-MOLD, LS DYNA, etc.
ANSYS is one of the complete software packages used by engineers to analyze structural, thermal, and fluid engineering. It is also used to analyze the low and high-frequency electromagnetics. It is majorly used for electronics analysis in aerospace engineering, heavy equipment analysis in automotive engineering, microelectromechanical systems in biomedical engineering, and in bridges and buildings.

The finite element analysis method is increasingly used to obtain the solution for structural mechanics problems. It offers easy visualization of the machinery and equipment and is applicable to real-life problems of varied physical domains. One of them is the aerospace industry. The finite element analysis is used for the structural analysis in the aerospace industry. It is used for analyzing mode shapes, natural frequencies, and aero-servo-elastic studies. It is also used in aerodynamics and for analyzing natural frequencies.

Finite element analysis can be used to enhance the optimization and dependability of insulated design in high voltage equipment. It is extensively applicable in the complex configuration of dielectric insulating materials and electrodes. Finite element analysis can provide an equipotential field plot for a high voltage transformer and can assure the minimization of stray losses in electrical machines. One of the preferred processes for installing a thermal wire bonding between a lead frame and a semiconductor chip is the thermosonic wire bonding. It is connected by a metal wire. Wirebonding technology is a very complex task and works within certain boundaries and specifications, These designs have to meet the objective of lower mass, inertia, and higher dynamic stiffness. In such technologies, finite element analysis helps in analyzing the dynamic rigidity of the system.

It is highly crucial to identify the physical behaviors like fluid flow, strength, and transfer capability of complex objects. It is also useful in understanding the optimal design and predicting the behavior and performance of the design. It is considered as an important mathematical method for analyzing problems of mathematical and engineering physics. It is applicable to problems with complex loading, material properties, and geometries. Though stress analysis of trusses and beams can be analyzed by finding an analytical solution while finite element analysis is utilized in the situation where the designs are very complex. It is highly required for the situation where the accuracy is essential and to predict what’s going to happen when the product is used.

Also Read: Finite Element Analysis For Industrial Machinery And Equipment

Transforming Industries with Smart Automation

October 13, 2020

Over the decades, industries have been exploring technologies, business strategies, and opportunities to increase scalability, improve accuracy, reduce costs, boost speed, and most importantly enhance human productivity. In the era of globalization, enterprises are super- competitive and exist in ever-growing business cycles. Hence businesses are focusing on reducing complexity, increasing agility, and speeding innovation while reducing production costs. Organizations can achieve these objectives by utilizing intelligent automation for effective and efficient products. Intelligent automation eliminates limited-value and repetitive workarounds at a limited cost.

Transforming Industries with Smart Automation

The possibilities of smart home automation are endless as it derives insights from a large amount of data, text, images, audio, and video to enhance trading, diagnostics, sourcing, etc. It helps in eliminating miscalculations, errors, and mistakes from repeated key-stroke dependent processes. Industries have been accelerating innovation and agility by untethering human resources from repetitive tasks by collaborating them with smart technologies. It builds on borderless operations, delivery, and production capabilities by personalizing real-time customer interactions.

Industries are increasingly involving their system with technologies that can replicate repetitive human actions and handle design-making tasks. Technocrats are utilizing their expertise to understand the context and adapt itself to the user’s requirement. Smart automated systems are used in industries for converting speech to text. They are preparing and collecting the data through robotic process automation. Robotic process automation is the system that creates traditional flowcharts or step-by-step procedures to create an automated library. These systems have flexibility and are relatively low-cost than traditional processes. These RPA systems can process natural language and perform autonomic automation. These systems can make decisions autonomously by prioritizing and addressing each case in a logical manner.

Organizations are analyzing a vast amount of data by adopting smart automation for data consolidation and validation, for recording data reconciliations, and accounting payables/receivables. Smart automation is based on the idea of the Internet of Things (IoT) that connects and monitors real-world objects through the internet. It focuses on building a smart automation system that can be controlled or managed. These automation systems come with minimum requirements to manage organization security and automation. These IoT systems are independent and can be accessed from phones through the internet.

The collaboration of smart robots and humans can transform organizations that provide services like healthcare, banking, education, etc. It can enhance the customer experience by revolutionizing operations. Industries are experiencing an unprecedented wave of technology change that has intensified interactions with online retailers, customers, and other stakeholders. Smart automation has redefined what organizations can do by advancing at a rapid pace. Tools like data mining and data analytics can reveal trends and behaviors that can enable organizations to enhance their customer loyalty, cross-selling opportunities, and identify process inefficiencies. As most of the organizations operate in the competitive, technological, and regulatory environment, they face numerous challenges while deploying the latest digital technologies. Businesses need to determine the best way to integrate smart automation systems such as AI and RPA to improve customer loyalty, operational success, and employee satisfaction.

Successful smart automation of businesses can result in delivering the right information and services to customers at the correct times with minimum human intervention. Organizations should focus on redesigning their digital processes as per their priorities and actions. They should create a baseline understanding of their core processes so that they can work with a focused approach to guide themselves for better services. Machine and AI-driven tools yield the highest return on investment by analyzing data to feed the AI process audit. It mixes the capabilities of AI diagnostics with experienced business intelligence to enhance the chances of success. Smart automation can empower the employees to enhance their service and performance by promoting upselling and cross-selling through the automated process. It can enhance numerous operational challenges at the back office, front office, and other organizational departments. The conversion to intelligent automation should be comprehensively communicated with all the stakeholders of the organization to create employee insights of all processes.

Businesses are also integrating cognitive tools to withstand complex scenarios by utilizing text or voice-activated chatbots. These bots can communicate further with the system library to deliver the required results. This also includes using a real-time voice identification system that can authenticate users and help in detecting fraud. These robots are powered with AI to organize, extract, and interpret data to perform advanced tasks in the data-fueled industry. It is essential for an organization to create a synergy between all its business units to manage, regulate, and sustain processes with automation.

Normal organizational automation at work includes a virtual attendant robot that acts as a chief automation hub for managing various types of automation processes. It communicates with the employees and provides instructions via automation. These robots use content intelligence technology to convert the data digitally from scanned documentation. This means an employee can focus on high-value tasks rather than low-value monotonous work. The enhanced development of RPA, AI, and virtual robots has offered a tremendous opportunity for organizations to provide state-of-the-art services to its clients. It has allowed them to set their priorities high by improving customer satisfaction and loyalty, and efficient operations. The future of businesses will depend on intelligent employees who are supported by smart automation technology.

With the advent of smart automation, businesses have become highly competitive and fast- paced. The swift transformation of processes is important for faster turnaround and measurable productivity gains. This can be done by structural data interaction where traditional systems are integrated with the help of well-structured valuable information. Robotic process automation is also a crucial technology through which businesses are smartly managed. It basically includes automation of system-based activities which are standardized to deliver effective business processes. Businesses are also utilizing machine learning for managing various organizational needs. These are systems that learn from incoming variations of data and make predictions and decisions based on past circumstances. It is complemented by the use of natural language processing for resolving the customer support ticket. Natural Language Processing uses statistical methods to analyze text and unstructured information of customers.

Chatbots and Virtual agents are also part of smart automated systems. These applications interpret the query that can be either in text or voice form and further providing a defined solution. Another automated system that is used for organizational processes is AI-decision systems. These employ numerous algorithms, technologies, and models to solve complex problems. These are deep learning systems with cognitive capabilities that recognize patterns for making various choices and decisions. Organizations are also involving natural language generation that generates text after recognizing speech or writing patterns.

The next-generation intelligent automation tools are transforming business processes by understanding the present and future opportunities. In banking and financial services, it can generate a huge amount of data and has become a crucial part of the global banking system. Few studies have reported that virtual bots are managing more than $20 billion of assets globally. The blockchain technology and cryptocurrency utilizes smart automation systems to articulate and verify financial transactions. Machine learning and AI have become a powerful tool to perform plastic surgery in the healthcare sector. Automated systems have eased the health service by providing physicians with historic cases that relate to the patient’s symptoms. Artificial intelligence is also useful for retailers and brands to predict the consumption pattern of the consumers. It uses big data to analyze the vast amount of information quickly and helps retailers to gain greater profits.

Many leading organizations are using advanced data science and machine learning techniques to create hyperlocal weather forecasting systems that help in achieving operational gains. Businesses are trying to build virtual windfarms in a cloud-based platform that mimics physical design. Smart automation is also helping energy industries to estimate grid load, electricity consumption and generation, electricity prices, and weather forecasts. This is also named as ‘Gridsense Technology’. It optimizes the use of power for consumers and generators and decreases the peak loads in the grid. Yet, most of the other industrial sectors are not utilizing smart automation technologies and losing out on productivity.

Increased competition and innovation have put immense pressure on traditional industries to advance their services. The traditional organizations should break away from conservative mindsets and must work on developing next-generation initiatives. Businesses should enhance the involvement of their workforce and invest in their capabilities to create a dedicated change management program. They should work upon to develop a practical approach to produce smart automation in their service. There is a greater need to invest in optimizing and combining the right processes for smart automation deployments. Smart automation and technologies should be backed up by greater budgets. Also, there should be a centralized leadership for the governance of smart automation.

Nowadays, technology changes typically focus on dynamic or self-learning control systems. Automation reduces errors, enhances visibility, and improves process efficiency. Automative solutions provide greater quality and return on investment. The ways in which businesses are now managed has taken a paradigm shift. With new technologies, each organization process seems increasingly refined and smarter as compared to earlier manual processes.

Also Read: Smart Home And Home Automation With IoT

Top 10 Furniture Engineering Design Software One Should Use

October 6, 2020

A good design is instrumental in developing engineering products that enhance the core competencies of an organization. Engineering design involves coordinating with various stakeholders to meet the end goals of an organization. A designer has the utmost responsibility to enhance the value of the product, customer experiences, and the visual aspect of a brand. It supports operations and helps in utilizing design expertise to create efficient and effective products. Furniture design solution is one of the sectors where amazing furniture design can change the visual appearance of an organization and help in enhancing the productivity of the employees. But an exquisite furniture design needs an excellent software program where experts can utilize their creative knowledge to deliver results. Here are some of the furniture designing software that a designer can use to create an awesome furniture design.

Furniture Engineering Design


Pro100 is an amazing software for designing frame or frameless cabinets, stock cabinets and is increasingly used by garage cabinet manufacturers, kitchen dealers and designers, and cabinet makers. It can export images, record panoramic views, and can share results with the clients. It can generate reports like a price list, cut list, cabinet list, and is very user- friendly. The user can experience 3D design and photo-realism with this software. It can integrate the catalog of the manufacturer int the program and can deliver designs as per user requirements. Pro100 is an easy-to-use software that delivers results based on materials, parts, and styles of the component. This software is highly customizable and has standard metric units. It is very flexible and cost-friendly.

Sweet Home 3D

Sweet Home 3D is a freeware program that helps in designing the furniture at the get-go. It is a perfect software for home and interior designers. It is a powerful tool that can design doors, cabinets, furniture, and appliances. It is a very stable program with no glitches and is recommendable for beginners. Sweet Home 3D has a simple user interface and can deliver a decent layout without any hassle. This program is downloadable from its home website. It also has a number of design tutorials that help a user to know the how-tos of the program. It can run on any desktop operating system and can import and export any drawing formats. It is easy to learn and design a basic design or layout.


SolidWorks has been increasingly used by the designers for the past few years due to its relatively low-cost, powerful 3D rendering abilities and interface. It is highly used in educational institutions to provide designing skills among students. It is highly customizable and has a very powerful user interface. It can check the weak points, mistakes, and safety issues in the designs and helps in delivering professional results. It can line up elements in the specific areas without manipulating the design of the furniture. It saves time and allows changes in the design before the creation of the physical furniture. It is compatible with many operating systems and can support e-drawings. SolidWorks can sort the annotations and highlight them in the graphic area. It can also check geometric tolerances, reference dimensions, annotation notes.


SketchUp is primarily used for design studies and renderings. It has a flexible modeling system and easy navigation. It is a simple tool that can be customized as per the requirement of the furniture designers. It has various plugins for designing and renderings that offer high-quality and speed. It has many view styles and offers design reviews. It is recommended for solving 3D design problems for professionals as it is quick and flexible. SketchUp can quickly model solutions, review, and try alternative solutions for furniture designers. It is robust enough to manage different file types and modeling tasks. It also provides great graphic options with clean presentations for 3D models.

Woodwork for Inventor

Woodwork for Inventor is a very powerful furniture design software and can fully integrate into Autodesk inventor. It understands the various needs of the woodworkers and offers quick workflow solutions. It has very high flexibility in wood material management and allows working with different materials. It can produce complex furniture designs from different materials and reduces the time to production. Woodwork for inventor allows automatic generation of mortises and tenons. It eases the material assignment and arrangement of furniture hardware. The software library is unified with automated component placement, automatic sculpt, and connection joints. The user interface of the software is excellent and can understand many languages. It is very versatile and follows the skeletal modeling approach for rapid prototype model design.

SketchList 3D

SketchList 3D Pro is used by woodworking enthusiasts to design chairs, benches, tables, closets, fences, and other furniture. It offers a free trial for a few days and after that, it can be availed at a one-time payment. It is a simple program driven by woodworkers and has a high workflow. It can generate pdf files for the approval of the clients and can provide information about the amount of stock necessary for the furniture building. It serves as a guide for designers to develop their idea into reality. It minimizes the wastage of the material by providing the exact quantity of the required material. It can proficiently explain the designs to clients and provides quick estimation and order.

Smart Draw

SmartDraw is relatively easier to use than other software and offers various kinds of charts and graphs. It has many templates that help designers to deliver an amazing design for their clients. It can create mind maps and the complex flowcharts with ease. It is also easily integrated with the Microsoft Office suite. This tool is very useful for complex furniture designs and contributes to the development of diagrams for furniture. It is available for a free trial and is great for beginners. Smart Draw’s user interface is awesome and has no workflow limits even for complex designs. It is great for designs that started from scratch and can be integrated easily with other software. It is also applicable to other industries due to the availability of templates with some useful libraries.

CAD pro

CAD Pro is used by designers and engineers for drawing and drafting, home design and improvement, landscape design and planning, and furniture designing, etc. It helps in creating any complex project with ease and offers interactive features to enable users to insert popup text notes and images. It offers an effortless way to develop furniture designs from straight forward toolsets that includes drafting and dimension tools, photo plugin, paint- pro plus, auto shape and architectural tools, etc. CAD Pro has an easy to use photo editor that can incorporate digital images into any drawings. It provides high accuracy for all drafting needs for easy and automatic drafting. It is customizable and is increasingly used for 2D drawing and 3D modeling. The designs of CAD pro can be easily exported for collaboration into other software.


Polyboard is a perfect mix of design, quality, and price that is used by professional designers for creating designs for furniture. It offers designs for cabinets, fittings, cupboards, and any other assembled furniture. It provides high performance and is very user friendly. It reduces production costs through automation and maintains high quality with a greater margin. It provides a quick workflow with intuitive materials. This software can manage the assembly and manufacturing details automatically. Plyboard can also calculate the real costs of the furniture automatically with 100% accurate cutting lists. It is versatile and can provide 2D and 3D presentations. It can produce the output files for driving your CNC machines. It also offers quick design libraries with all hardware and manufacturing methods.

Master Design

Master Design is highly useful for furniture design professionals. It is very versatile and highly customizable with many flexible features. It has a user-friendly interface and can import and export images. It consists of many high-quality tutorials for user guidance. It has advanced functionalities for plotter printing and can create 2D and 3D designs with ease. Master Design has no pixel limit and can be applied with different graphic filters. It has a very large database with many advanced features. It also has a VR mode that can transverse newly designed furniture in virtual reality mode. This software has a high-definition rendering and can be used in most of the operating system.

Furniture design is gaining relevance and recognition as consumers are increasingly becoming creative with their stuff. Hence these engineering design software has become an integral part of furniture designers to meet new customer needs. Precision is an important feature of furniture design and hence designers should lay focus on concepts and design details. They should be more creative and observant than their competition. Identifying the problems and learning about a customer need can smoothen the designing process as it gives the direction to the work.

Also Read: Critical Factors Involved In Furniture Design Solutions

Integrating Design and Manufacturing for Competitive Advantage

September 29, 2020

Globalization has enhanced the creativity and innovation of the products as customers are offered regular updates on the existing features in terms of technology and design. These updates are the essence of growing competition and companies try to support it with supreme quality and economical costs to remain competitive. It requires an organized system of procedures to connect all these changes in the product development ie. concept to delivery. Leading businesses offer amazing engineering solutions by making the regular transformation from design to manufacturing. As the world is becoming increasingly competitive, It has become essential for companies to differentiate their products. Hence companies are ensuring a balance of cost, time, performance, innovation, and quality to steal the market share.

Integrating Design and Manufacturing for Competitive Advantage

Most of the businesses have integrated the design and manufacturing processes together to enhance product development while lowering cost and improving quality. It is crucial for companies to take advantage of the available opportunities while winning customers for boosting profitability. The integration of design and manufacturing can have a tremendous impact on improving productivity and eliminating various product challenges. The decisions that a designer makes while making the design of the products can have long term implications of the company as it can affect the production costs and quality of the product. Most companies suffer a decline in profits due to their ineffective design that leads to costly scrap and reworks. If companies ignore the utilization of manufacturing while designing, it result in impacting production costs and missing on opportunities.

Creating great designs require flexible tools that can support creative thinking and design complexity for exceptional design. A supreme design tool should allow manufacturing while designing the finished product. It should be easier for the designer to design, visualize, and animate the product. This makes it easier for the manufacturers to identify the misalignment, errors, and tolerance issues and helps in preventing risks that arise due to late findings of the problems. A typical design tool should run animation, simulations, and even validate a design for ensuring product quality and performance. There are tools in the market that can do all of these processes effectively and help in delivering optimized products with innovation.

Integrating design and manufacturing in a product development process can help in improving quality by enforcing standards. It helps in preventing assembly problems and can project cost drivers that may impact fabrication. It allows high-quality production of parts by eliminating hits and trials. Increased collaboration between designers and manufacturers allows greater time and flexibility in innovation. The use of appropriate tools to 3D model the product can ensure automatic updating of the product efficiently as the design evolves.

The lack of collaboration between designing and manufacturing creates a fundamental barrier. There are numerous bottlenecks and challenges when the communication between the designing and manufacturing team is not effective. The manufacturers and designers should share their data with each other as it prevents errors in the translation process and can reduce misalignment. Globally, there is a need for manufacturing to transition to new models of innovation by including design to drive competitiveness. Though the relationship between designing and manufacturing is well established but to grow through marketing and innovation challenges, a product must assist in improving processes that accelerate time to market.

The adoption of comprehensive integration of designing with a manufacturing action plan can scale up the businesses quickly. The major elements of the integration action plan include raising awareness and building capacity among employees to work in collaboration with each other. It will not only enhance the opportunities for businesses to deliver innovation-led design but also build a knowledge base for future expeditions. Organizations can capitalize on significant value by adopting manufacturing-design integration. It ensures greater success by integrating varied knowledge across the two departments. Integration led approach develops a solid research base that can identify and target avenues for innovation and profitability.

Designing is an essential piece of the manufacturing process as it streamlines production. These designs can be for machining, moldability, casting, forging, fabrication, and assembly. An integrated approach enables companies to manufacture parts that hold down costs. It ensures the efficiency of the manufacturing and assembly of the products. Though manufacturing and designing have their own features and characteristics, they have a common goal for the organization ie, to deliver innovative products.

An integrated manufacturing and designing approach can achieve many goals for the organizations. It can increase profitability by controlling manufacturing costs. It also helps in preventing downtime and production stoppages by ensuring the precise processing of design changes. This approach enhances the agility of the organization by rectifying changes on the fly, thereby eliminating wasted or duplicated effort. It optimizes material usage by simulating the various designs for the validation.

Manufacturing can accelerate time-to-market by ensuring designs are streamlined and produced with their validation. Providing designs with a guarantee to be production-ready saves time and ensures manufacturable products. It accelerates assembly operations as the design team can simulate the dynamics and kinematics analysis well before the production. It facilitates late-cycle changes by automating manufacturing outflows while the simulation of the product. The best way to cut costs is to offer a supreme product quality with greater accuracy as it reduces the product returns and warranty costs.

Manufacturing and product design is no longer a separate entity but rather two sides of the same coin. Utilizing an integrated approach can avoid time-consuming delays, unnecessary costs, and undesirable quality issues. Achieving these objectives can enhance the competitiveness of an organization and thereby increase profitability.

Also Read: How Rapid Prototyping Helps You Design And Develop Products Quickly

Smart Home and Home Automation with IoT

September 15, 2020

What is a smart home? This sounds like a really simple question but the answer is in fact not so much. Every person has their own definition for a smart home depending on their requirements or priorities. A general idea of a smart home refers to a convenient setup of your home to connect all the appliances and the devices present in your home to the internet so they could be remotely controlled from anywhere with any device having an internet connection. This is how we have perceived the concept of a smart home for a decade anyways. It had little to do with intelligence but rather with remote control or automation. A decade ago, a home where you could operate your blinders from your smart phone or train your thermostat to adjust with your preferred temperature was enough to call it a smart home. But, today a smart home implies much more than just a remote-controlled living space.

Smart Home and Home Automation with IoT

Today, a smart home coupled with data science and IoT is capable of adjusting itself completely to live up to its resident’s needs and sometimes even exceeding them to give them a safer, more entertaining, and comfortable stay. Using different types of sensory devices, appliances, and the whole spaces, a smart home collects and analyzes that data to determine your usage pattern and accordingly personalize your home to better suit your needs and impart you with a pleasant experience of living in your home.

McKinsey Global Institute has predicted a massive value growth of around the U.S. $11.1 trillion annually for the IoT by the year 2025. A smart home that is always connected to the internet to provide an unprecedented level of control and comfort to its residents will have a major role in this growth.

Today, there are only 12-16% of households in the U.S that use IoT smart home appliances. However, a recent survey indicates an impressive number of potential buyers and some sources even claim that around two-thirds of the consumers are likely to own some kind of smart home IoT devices by the end of the year. Let’s look at some practical uses and benefits of IoT smart home devices;

Monitoring and control – We can now focus our attention and energy on the things that value more in life like family, friends, or career, and it’s all thanks to the brand new level of control that we have over our household owing to the smart home IoT solution and services. We can easily manage and control the full range of functionality of our household devices on a mobile or web application. We don’t have to worry about managing little things in our household that takes up so much from the little time we get to enjoy with our friends and family and all that at literally just a click of a button. Smart system collects data from the connected devices in your household and lets you keep track of how things work in your household. For example, some smart fridges can check on the expiration dates on the products and notify you at the right time to help you optimize your shopping list or how much electricity each device is consuming or the quality of air in your living space, etc.

Optimization of spending – As already mentioned, an IoT enabled smart home system keeps collecting data from the smart devices in real-time to enable transparency to your household. This data provides you insights into electricity, water, and gas consumption. With the generated insights you can easily identify the waste points to adjust your usage accordingly and cut down on any kind of extra utility spending. Aside from that, smart devices are capable of optimizing the use of resources. For example, a smart bulb can detect the presence of residents in the living space and automatically turn on and off depending on the data coming from the presence sensors.

Environmental impact – This is one area where the application of IoT benefits not only the residents but our environment and the whole planet too. By optimizing our use of resources, we are not only reducing our spending but also helping in decreasing our carbon footprint. That’s why IoT is already being considered as the igniting flame of the green energy revolution. IoT enabled appliances and devices enable everyone to optimize the use of their resources in the best possible way so as to cut down on wastage and pollution and promote green energy by reducing carbon emissions. The scope of IoT smart devices is rapidly growing in this sector as it is high time that we start our transition to greener energy sources to prevent inflicting any further damage to our environment at our hands.

Improved comfort – IoT based smart home devices possess a certain level of autonomy that grants them situation-based decision-making capabilities. Thus, a smart bulb can turn on or off depending on the presence of its residents or window blinders adjust themselves to the daylight change to allow just enough light inside the house to make its residents feel comfortable. This decision making capability of smart devices makes our lives easier by operating according to the situations autonomously while still leaving the main controls in our hands.

Enhanced security – When we talk about security for homes, we generally think about security from unintended intrusions and theft. But IoT based smart home systems has broadened the scope of security of households. Now, IoT enabled smart home systems can detect power surges, water or gas leakages, etc. and notify you or respective authorities about the imminent danger and prevent any complications or even a possible catastrophe.

These are a few of the many areas of our lives that can be improved with the introduction of IoT based smart home systems in our households. And while the technology is still premature and has a lot of room for improvement, it has shown promising results so far and is a strong contender for the viable source of green energy.

Also Read: Unleashing The Potential Of IIoT By Connecting The Physical And Digital Worlds

Finite Element Analysis for Industrial Machinery and Equipment

September 8, 2020

Industrial machinery and equipment always present great hurdles for designing reliable manufacturing solutions. Most industrial machines are expensive hence the cost of equipment failure in machinery can be costly. Therefore, manufacturing industries do a careful evaluation of any prospective design before it can be utilized for delivering valuable products.

Finite element analysis is one of the techniques that has been used extensively by industries for the analysis and design of machinery and equipment. Earlier, it was used only as a tool for structural analysis but now it has become an integral part of Computer-Aided Engineering. It is now invariably used for developing electromagnetic and biomechanics solutions. Finite element analysis delivers exact solutions to the complicated partial differential equations of complicated machine geometry and boundary conditions. It transforms partial differential equations into algebraic equations.

The procedure of finite element analysis is simple and can be applied to any of the real-life problems.

  • Finite element analysis is started with an assumed trial solution. It is done so because both the differential equations and the boundary conditions are unknown. It should be noted that the assumed trial solution must satisfy the boundary
  • Generally, the assumed trial solution does not completely satisfy the differential equation hence there is always an error while satisfying the differential equation. This error is also called domain
  • The residual domain varies at different points of the structural domain and it is very difficult to bring it down to nil at every point. Hence, it is ensured that the residual domain is brought down to the smallest unit. So that the weighted sum of the domain residual when estimated over all the structural domain is rendered
  • The estimation of the assumed trial solution is a very difficult process and requires expertise for determining an accurate assumed trial solution. Each structural domain should be discretized into several independent segments which are also called finite elements. These consist of numerous continuous trial functions within each finite element.
  • These trial functions are used to estimate the value of the field variable at any of the points in the interior of the segment. These key points are called nodes. Trial functions that are used in the finite element are known as element level shape functions.
  • This is followed by estimating the weighted sum for the entire structural domain. The element level shape functions are utilized to obtain the weighted sum of domain residual for each of the elements which are further added up over all the elements to compute the weighted sum of the entire structural
  • The estimated value of the elements is then transformed into elemental level characteristic matrices are programmed into software like IDEAS, NASTRAN, etc. The program uses the characteristics matrices of each element that are then added up to obtain the system-level

The finite element analysis method is increasingly used to obtain the solution for structural mechanics problems. It offers easy visualization of the machinery and equipment and is applicable to real-life problems of varied physical domains. One of them is the aerospace industry. The finite element analysis is used for the structural analysis in the aerospace industry. It is used for analyzing mode shapes, natural frequencies, and aero-servo-elastic studies. It is also used in aerodynamics and for analyzing natural frequencies.


Finite element analysis is also extensively applicable in the complex configuration of dielectric insulating materials and electrodes. It can be used for enhancing the optimization and dependability of insulated design in high voltage equipment. Finite element analysis can provide an equipotential field plot for a high voltage transformer and can assure the minimization of stray losses in electrical machines. One of the preferred processes for installing a thermal wire bonding between a lead frame and a semiconductor chip is the thermosonic wire bonding. It is connected by a metal wire. Wire bonding technology is a very complex task and works within certain boundaries and specifications, these designs have to meet the objective of lower mass, inertia, and higher dynamic stiffness. In such technologies, finite element analysis helps in analyzing the dynamic rigidity of the system.


The method of final element analysis is applicable to various engineering problems because of the common characteristics in the mathematical formulation of the problems. Problems with the same form of partial differential equation generally correspond to varied physical problems. One of the methods that are very powerful in obtaining the solutions of the differential equations is the Weighted Residual (WR) method. Piecewise trial approximation of the weighted residual technique is the basis of the finite element analysis. The finite element analysis of a given differential equation has the following steps:

  • The first step is to note down the weighted residual
  • Then, the differential equation is integrated by performing integration by parts significant times so that the distribution of the differential between the various variables and the weighting function is even. Further, the weak form of the weighted residual is developed. It must be noted that the weak form of the differential equation is within the natural boundary
  • The n elements of the weak form of the differential equation are added
  • Further, the nodes and geometry ie. The finite elements are
  • The function is further interpolated to derive the shape and is further used as a weighting
  • The next step is to structure the element level equations to develop the system equations for a given structure of finite element
  • The equations obtained after the previous step is substituted and solved for the unknown

In manufacturing industries, the crankshaft is an important component of industrial machinery. Crankshafts have to experience fluctuations in torques due to simultaneous strokes in the cylinder. It results in torsional vibrations which occur due to twisting reaction in rotatory shafts. The analysis of the torsional vibration is done by discretizing the crankshaft and other drivelines components. These components are considered as a set of lumped masses and springs. Due to the complex geometry of the multicylinder engine crankshafts, the bending modes are coupled with the torsion modes. Hence the three-dimensional vibrational analysis of crankshaft is done to save time while designing real-life products. Generally, the beam element model is used to analyze automotive crankshaft.

The thermal analysis of a pressure vessel is an important process in equipment manufacturing. It is one of the applications of the finite element analysis. It helps in checking the rigidity and stability of the machinery in challenging conditions. The first step in the thermal analysis of the pressure vessel is the geometrical modeling of the required pressure vessel. The modeling is done for the two-dimensional structure along with the other threads. It should be noted that at a steady-state, the temperature of inside wall should be 300 degrees Celsius while the temperature of the outside wall should be 50 degrees celsius. Further, the distribution of the temperature along the vessel wall and threads should be noted down. The important thing in the thermal analysis of a pressure vessel is to obtain the distribution of the temperature when the gas temperature inside the vessel is at 450 degrees Celcius. The next step is to solve the thermal stresses at the stable state of the vessel which can be followed by finding the temperature distribution of the vessel as a function of time.

Other applications of the finite element analysis are as follows:

  • Structural dynamic analysis of a pressure vessel.
  • Dynamics of a hard disk drive head assembly.
  • Visualizing stress
  • Thermal analysis of an IC Engine
  • Analysis of a turbine
  • Dynamic analysis of a
  • Structural analysis of an automotive chassis dynamics.
  • Dynamics of a scooter

In the method of finite element analysis, the accuracy of the solution is determined in terms of the refined element mesh. There are generally two methods for mesh refinement. First, h- refinement where an increasing number of elements are used to design a particular structural domain. Second, p-refinement where interpolation functions are increased by using the order of the polynomials. The refinement is done to estimate the sequential solutions that show the exact solution.


Finite element analysis can be considered a mathematical method for analyzing problems of mathematical and engineering physics. It is applicable to problems with complex loading, material properties, and geometries. Though stress analysis of trusses and beams can be analyzed by finding an analytical solution while finite element analysis is utilized in the situation where the designs are very complex. It is highly required for the situation where the accuracy is essential. It is highly crucial to identify the physical behaviors like fluid flow, strength, and transfer capability of complex objects. It is also useful in understanding the optimal design and predicting the behavior and performance of the design.


Some of the industries that use the finite element analysis method in their product delivery are mechanical engineering, civil engineering, automotive engineering, and aerospace engineering. It is useful for analyzing processes like fluid flow, heat transfer, electromagnetic fields, soil mechanics, acoustics, and biomechanics. Industries are increasingly utilizing the capability of this technique by further increasing the durability and design of their equipment and machinery.


Also Read – Applications Of Computational Fluid Dynamics

Overcoming Challenges in the Development of Heavy Engineering Products

September 1, 2020

The continuous changes in modern technology have increased the pressure on industries to develop efficient and innovative products. The global industrial and consumer market has grown over the years to keep up with the needs of the customers. Heavy engineering is one of the sectors that have taken hold of the competitive market and has started developing products of numerous functionalities.

Overcoming Challenges in the Development of Heavy Engineering Products

Heavy engineering products are used in the construction industry, shipping, oil and gas industries, automobiles, railways, etc. It manufactures custom design equipment and critical products to the clients. But the development of heavy engineering products is not an easy task and manufacturers have to go through many hurdles before the delivery of the product. Some of the challenges in the development of heavy engineering products are:

Lack of Government Support

Businesses need basic physical infrastructure for economic development such as power supply, roads, transportation facilities, etc. Socio-economic development is the key element in the age of globalization and basic infrastructure development leads to greater profitability of the businesses. Hence, the government should work for enhancing the infrastructural development to enable ease in access to the market for businesses.

Monetary support is also necessary for business development and in times of crisis. The assistance for the development of heavy engineering industries has been poor and inadequate over the years. The government makes laws for the public but some of these laws are not business-friendly. The government should ensure that all its policies are made after the collaboration of all the stakeholders. The government should provide timely assistance by cutting tax rates and easing out other compliances. It is important that the government ensure the success of the businesses by taking into consideration financial support.

Ensure Collaboration

The crucial factor in the development of heavy engineering products is the competitiveness of the sector. One of the challenges that the heavy engineering industry faces is the right team, distributors, and supply chains for product development. The lack of collaboration between the team, customers, and other stakeholders endangers the product and limits product development. It results in loss of revenues, reducing the response rate to the market changes, and innovation hurdles. The lack of coordination among the designers, manufacturers, and sellers creates inefficient resource utilization and duplication of effort.

Greater collaboration among all the stakeholders in the development of heavy engineering product ensures lesser redundancies and structured source of information. It extends the efficient planning of deadlines by following a fixed schedule. It allows information sharing across the enterprise and ensures faster insights into clients’ needs. Enabling collaborated heavy engineering products reduces the production cost and increase innovation.

Enhancing Product Quality

Product quality is one of the factors that ensure greater customer satisfaction and market reach. The quality of heavy engineering products is dependent on the performance, appeal, durability, reliability, characteristics, and service level of the product. Continuous quality improvement ensures profitability, market share, and an increase in new customers. Quality is the constant development of the product as per the customers’ expectations. The product quality can be improved by enhancing work effectiveness and flexibility. The product needs to fill the customer, society expectations, and the goals of the organization. Hence, enhancing product quality is a continuous challenge for heavy engineering industries.

Constant development in the operations of the product development allows effective management of the company and keeps the morale of the organization high. Organizations should prepare high-level training programs and continuous seminars for constant training of the employees. This gives the employees a mental framework to work for customer satisfaction and product innovation.

Meeting Deadlines

Heavy engineering industries have to stay ahead of the time and deliver the products within the expected time of the clients. The development of heavy engineering products is a very complex task and often the development of products extends over the scheduled time. It is very crucial for heavy engineering industries to stay organized over the course of product development and plan ahead of time. The organization should prioritize tasks to meet deadlines and establish a routine to meet the target as per the schedule.

The entire life cycle of the product development should be broken down into small tasks with small deadlines for each task. The task should be achievable, realistic, and specific. The schedule of each task should be noted down so as to remain focused on that particular task as per schedule. Monitoring the progress of product development is the key to ensure the timely delivery to the client.

Reducing Production Cost

Heavy engineering industries have to operate and maintain the equipment for product development at a lower cost. This gives high engineering production units an intense financial pressure to deliver high throughput and profits. Hence, it becomes problematic for industries to decrease production costs by managing their operations and maintenance.

The percentage of replacement asset value is an important benchmark to keep the production running smoothly and safely. It helps in maintaining the resources efficiently. Most of the maintenance activities are unnecessary and unproductive. It reduces the flow of work and increases delivery time. Better alarm and emergency management can enhance the flow of production work. The productivity of the production can be increased by preventing abnormal situations and following correct strategies at work. Optimizing economic performance requires making changes in energy consumption, resource utilization, and production time. Companies should ensure that they prevent the abnormal situation and provide a continuous flow of real-time information.

Competitive Market

A competitive market is a challenge for the heavy engineering industries but it is a good challenge to have as a market without competition hampers industrial development, innovation, and productivity. Heavy engineering products are constantly evolving and are providing endless solutions to various industries globally. A competitive market enhances sales and profits. It catalyzes private sector development and economic growth. But certain government policies, legislations, and ill-conduct of firms destabilize the competitive market and sales.

A competitive market allows companies to use their resources for the development of innovative products and services. It helps in the adoption of better technologies and practices. A competitive market ensures the discovery of the correct market price of a product and attracts revenue for sustainable businesses. The government has the key role to play in ensuring the correct market practices for the holistic growth of the businesses. A good national competitive policy allows for greater market discovery.


The distribution is the way of connecting various agencies and intermediaries to complete the physical movement of the finished products and services. It ensures the realization of orders and the promotion of the product. It facilitates information about potential buyers, demand, and competition. An effective distribution channel promotes risk-taking, and thereby innovation. A distribution channel is dependent on each other’s organizational units for the flow of products.

Heavy engineering products require effective distribution channels to meet customer expectations. With the arrival of digital technology, companies have to create alternate distribution models for the dissemination of information. But distribution channels come with numerous challenges and the companies have to tackle them separately. Some of these challenges are integrity issues, disclosure obligations, inappropriate advice, etc. heavy engineering companies can build the trust of the distributors through continuous workshops and seminars to reinforce good ethical conduct. This also helps in greater literacy and protection of consumers.


The market for heavy engineering products has been growing globally for the past few decades. It has made it possible for manufacturers to reap the benefits of economic growth and development. The continuous growth of the product in the market requires a dynamic marketing strategy to transfer the product information to the consumers correctly.

A business has to work very hard to identify, satisfy, and retain its customers in the competitive market. Good marketing ensures product, market, and selling orientation. A good marketing strategy comes with competitive positing and a unique brand strategy. The pricing of the product should be fixed by holding a thorough conversation with all the stakeholders. Effective market planning and budgeting enhance sales and profits by promoting the product on different platforms. The traditional platforms like direct mail, telemarketing, trade shows, and events are still an effective way to market a heavy engineering product.

Resource Allocation

Constraints in the allocation of the resources to various needs of the organization are one of the major challenges affecting the heavy engineering industries. The company has to assure an optimum level of finances, workforce, technology, and management support for the effective delivery of the product. The company’s management should ensure the equitable distribution of resources in all of its departments. The company should ensure that all the decisions should be taken transparently and with the knowledge of all the stakeholders.

A company should ensure that it distributes all its skill sets and responsibilities in a planned manner so as to keep up with the development schedule. Optimum utilization of the benchmarks should be done by the management in order to enhance the productivity and efficiency of the resources.

Also Read: How Off-Heavy Equipment Designs Are Transforming?

Step by Step Guide for the Design and Development of an Electronic Device

August 25, 2020

With the advent of digital technology, the electronics industry has taken enormous leaps and has brought a 360 degrees change in the user experience. The electronics sector has been playing and manipulating with the electricity from the time immemorial and has invented many complex user devices. The process of design and development of any electronic devices is almost similar to a normal engineering product.

Electronic Device

Electronic embedded system design services starts with ideation and market research. Further, it is followed by securing funding and developing the product’s regulatory plan. The next phase concentrates on product design, verification, and validation which require a lot of expertise among the designers and developers. Finally, the company focuses on marketing and sales to boost the product’s acceptability among its customers. Here’s a step by step guide for the design and development of an electronic device.


The first step of the design and development of an electronic device is to establish an idea about the concept and application of the electronic product. Developers and designers focus on the user’s needs and brainstorm about the next big thing that they want to have in the customer’s life. Idea generation is a very complex task and could consume a lot of time for establishing an idea of a master product.

Market Research

The probability of getting a wonderful idea is very high but such is not the case for its success. Thorough market research is required before finalizing the product. Many developers produce products that are similar to the already available products in the market. In such a case, it becomes a lost commodity and does not generate enough revenue. Developers should note that their product should either be a novel idea or must substitute the other similar products in the market.

Project Timeline and Costs

The project timeline is an important factor that progresses your project with time. It includes the identification of the scheduled future milestones in the project design and development. Significant time should be given to each phase of the project development and developers should focus on achieving the targets within the pre-identified boundaries.

Project Cost is also a crucial factor while developing an electronic product. Each phase of product development requires a significant amount to deliver a result. Businesses should keep track of their finances and should signal flags when the cost overruns the predecided budget.

Prototype Creation

One of the significant steps in electronic device design and development is the creation of the product prototype. It is done to identify the problems in the product and thereby improving its features. This is a great way to troubleshoot the hurdles that the developers would attend in the future. Prototype creation offers the visualization of a realistic representation of the final product.

Funding and Recruitment

A large chunk of money is required to deliver a product in the market on a large scale. Businesses always have a seed investment to develop their product but they can always go for angel investors and venture capitalists as per their required needs. Angel investors are the investors who provide capital at the start of business development in exchange for ownership while the venture capitalists provide funds for early-stage and emerging companies and provide their expert knowledge to the management.

Recruitment of the expert staff is essential for the scale-up of the venture. The electronic device development is a complex work and a thorough practical knowledge is a prerequisite for successful device development. Businesses should focus on their human resources and should offer essential research and training to their staff before the actual product design and development.

Regulatory Plan

Every electronic device is different and has a specific regulatory plan. Developers should ensure that they create and circulate the specific guidelines before the design and development of the product. These guidelines should have the entire how-to and procedural step by step guide in the development of the products. It should all the pros and cons of a particular step so that the staff becomes familiar with the implementation procedures.

QMS implementation

Implementation of the electronic quality management system offers an advantage in developing standard products without any errors. It ensures that each product has followed the standard government and industrial guidelines and doesn’t possess any harm to the customer.

Design and Development Planning

This phase is the one where a business idea is transformed into reality. Proper planning is required to document and review the design controls. A checklist should be developed and marked each time while progressing into the next step. It ensures the progress of electronic product development is in order without any back draws. A good plan includes breaking down the timeline and description of the activities along with offering the responsibility to a particular supervisor for each activity.

Design Inputs and Outputs

Design inputs are the basis of an electronic device and the quality of the device is dependent on the quality of the design inputs. Any future problems regarding the quality of the device pins down to the design inputs, therefore designers should focus on the standard and quality of the product design with all pros and cons.

Design outputs are the ingredients for the development of the product. It includes manufacturing instructions, specifications, and drawings of a particular product.

Design Verification and Validation

The main goal of the design verification is to ensure that the design inputs are as per the design outputs. It involves product testing on various software to ensure the material strength, product age, and fatigue level of the product. Design verification offers the physical value of the product and hence is a crucial factor in the product development process.

Design validation ensures that your product is safe for the end-user and has gone through a rigorous process of various testing and guidelines.

Design Reviews and Changes

Constant monitoring and review are necessary to ensure the compliance of all the guidelines during the product development process. Design reviews should be taken from all the multiple sources in terms of design, manufacturing, quality, marketing, and regulatory compliance.

The evaluation of the design review is followed by identifying the genuine problems and approving the changes in the electronic device.

Risk Management

Risk management is defined as the logical development and implementation of a plan to deal with potential; future losses. The goal of risk management in the electronics industry is to manage the losses and protect the value of its products. It ensures the safety of the user during the working of the product and thereby improving the quality of life of end-users.

Risk Planning

Risk planning involves defining and describing the use of the product. It includes the description of risk management activities, roles, and responsibilities of the supervisors. At last, the methods of risk control are defined in order to mitigate future risks.

Build Supply Partnerships

Businesses require partners to extend their products and services to the market. The management should ensure that they choose the right partners to promote their products. The partners could be contract manufacturers, consultants, service providers, or distributors, etc. It is also essential to complete regular audits of the partners to avoid any fraudulent activities. The selection of the partners should be based on the experience and knowledge of the market.

Product Registration

The registration of the product is crucial before bringing the product in the market. The product is registered with various agencies to assure that the product is compliant with all the mandatory guidelines.

Product Launch

The end goal of any business is to sell their product in the market. It requires a concrete marketing plan to promote and sell the product in the market. It requires email marketing, social media posts, and extensive advertisements to assure the acceptability of the product in the market. The management should ensure that the launch of the product should create considerable hype and show among the customers.

Setting up a distribution network

A significant aspect of product delivery is the creation of the distribution network. It assures the ease in product distribution to the customers. It helps in offering marketing support and is useful in organizing events such as conferences and exhibitions.

Post Launch Surveillance

Once the product is available to the customers in the market, the businesses have the responsibility to monitor the performance of their electronic device. Post-market surveillance is essential to check any of the drawbacks or problems that the customers possibly be facing.

Customer Feedback

Customer feedback is an important aspect to progress any business. It helps in improving the delivery of services and products. It can assure the level of customer satisfaction among the customers. Responsiveness to customer feedback ensures that the management values the opinion of the customers and thereby enhancing customer experience. It also ensures faster delivery of the information to the customers and improves customer retention.

The end goal of any electronic device is to provide a next-generation customer experience to its users. The businesses are focusing not only on enhancing customer retention but also on the sustainability of their product by following cyclic practices.

Also Read: How Rapid Prototyping Helps You Design And Develop Products Quickly

The Future of CAE in Product Design

August 4, 2020

In the past, computer aided engineering (CAE) had a very limited application, being primarily used for advanced research and development, and for other specialty tasks which required simulation and optimization. In the modern world, CAE now has a much broader usage, and is routinely used to help accelerate the whole process surrounding product development. In the future, CAE will become even more sophisticated and it will help to model ever more sophisticated designs, while also reducing the time needed for getting a product to market.

CAE and simulation

Simulating various scenarios has proven to be of enormous value in validating and perfecting the design of various products. One excellent example is how it is no longer necessary to crash a sport utility vehicle into a barrier several times in order to analyze the results. Instead, engineers can conduct virtual crash tests using highly capable computers, and then tweaking designs so as to make the vehicle safer.

It’s not hard to see how a ton of money can be saved by not having to destroy a vehicle in multiple crash tests, and simply simulating the whole process on a high-performance computer. This has significantly increased the value of simulation and moved it solidly toward the direction of the initial phases of design for a product.

It’s very commonplace for engineers to use CAE software for the purpose of creating initial designs, as well as for optimizing the product itself. Some of this optimizing involves subtracting material from a potential product, so as to reduce its overall footprint while making no sacrifices regarding performance or strength. This has allowed CAE engineers to enhance performance as well as ergonomics, increase value and affordability, and to produce products which are more energy- efficient and which are more sustainable.

It’s not an exaggeration to say that simulations such as these have been at the forefront of advancing product development timelines, and that they have created all kinds of innovative designs for improving reliability and quality.

CAE Simulation

More sophisticated CAE tools

Engineers can also focus on high-value tasks more and more, because software tools have now emerged which automates all the best designs practices, as well as providing sophisticated analysis features. Product engineering has been boosted significantly by using customizable workflow processes that expedite development and testing, as opposed to spending a great deal of time inputting data to a system, and having to validate any particular model. This has freed up time for software engineers, so they can create new designs and develop new capabilities for products which have a ready market.

CAE and Covid-19

With the world currently in the grip of the coronavirus pandemic, CAE has moved to the forefront to provide crucial training for healthcare personnel, so that diagnoses can be quickly formulated, and treatment administered. One of the best examples of how CAE is supporting this effort is with a brand-new Lung Simulator which has been developed to help train clinicians in the techniques which are generally used in lung ultrasounds.

Lung imaging has already been implemented on an international basis to help manage treatment options for those impacted by the Covid-19 virus. Since the CAE lung simulator perfectly replicates many of the properties of actual human tissue, it allows students to practice their ultrasound imaging skills so they can diagnose many of the findings commonly associated with coronavirus.

Using this CAE imaging simulation, students can learn all about ultrasound system controls, applying PPE, recognition and understanding of coronavirus lung anatomy, and the positioning and navigation between intercostal spaces. This is a lifesaving technology which can serve as the best available training tool for identifying coronavirus which has settled into a patient’s lungs. It has been developed so that it perfectly mimics each of the stages of the coronavirus disease as it affects a person’s lungs.

The future of CAE

There are definitely some trends beginning right now in the world of CAE which are expected to intensify in the very near future, and become part of mainstream CAE technology. One of these is the democratization of perpetual licenses which are currently sold by big CAE corporations. There are already a number of CAE applications which are available free of charge or very near free. A whole slew of products is beginning to appear which will allow users to pay as they go, and to use the tools anywhere at all without regard to a specific computing device.

Another trend which is rapidly gaining momentum is that of system modeling with the use of CAE software. Currently, it’s fairly routine for engineers to design and analyze parts or assemblies, but a full system analysis is rarely pursued by designers and developers. Technology which is currently emerging will allow CAE professionals to test entire systems, so that performance of the holistic entity can be analyzed. An example might be the case where several discrete assemblies within an automobile are tested according to current methodologies. In the near future, more testing will focus on analyzing results from a complete automobile, and its behavior under various conditions.

In the past and even in most cases during the present, it has been necessary to perform a new analysis whenever a new design for a product arises. CAE of the future will cut through much of this wasted effort and allow engineers to mine data from other simulations, and couple it with analytics so as to help understand design strengths and weaknesses.

Also see more about: Elements Of CAD Design Services

One really exciting effort which is just beginning to gain traction is known as multi-scale modeling, which offers the opportunity to use the same CAE software to model objects at a molecular level as well as objects the size of a rocket ship. The benefits of having such a capability would be to conduct multi-scale modelling with the same software tool, rather than having to conduct two separate modelling efforts.

It may well be that some of these trends may not receive widespread support in the future, but it does appear that they provide such obvious benefits that it’s very likely most of them will become mainstays of future CAE processes. Look for some or all of these trends to achieve widespread acceptance in the CAE world, and for CAE to become an even more effective tool for designing, developing, and simulating.

Applications of Internet of Things (IoT) in Engineering

July 28, 2020

The network of physical objects that are embedded with sensors, software, and other technologies for the purpose of connecting and exchanging data with other devices and systems over the internet together constitutes the Internet of Things (IoT). These physical objects range from ordinary household items to industrial tools. According to an analysis, more than 7 billion connected IoT devices at present. It is expected that it will grow to 10 billion by the end of 2020 and possibly 22 billion by 2025.

Applications of Internet of Things (IoT)

Advantages of IoT:

The IoT has emerged as one of the new technology where integrating the devices using the internet in an active manner holds the key. The various advantages of the IoT are:

  • Time-saving: The probability of making the right decision lies with the data. The more the information, the easier it is to make the right decision. Knowing what to bring from the confectionery shop without checking at your own, not only saves times, also brings ease to life.
  • Ease of life: The computers through the embedded sensors on different products can gather the information on the expiration date of products before one consumes. Hence it improves the quality of life.
  • Cost-effective: Money is the new god. This technology could replace the manpower who are in charge of monitoring and maintaining supplies.
  • Improved Device Communication: IoT is a web of physical devices connected to each other and interacting. Hence improves device-to-device communication.
  • Gathering Useful Data: The more the information we are available with, the better and informed choices one can make about the policymaking, governing issues, and challenges, etc.
  • Automation: The digital control with wireless support made control and automation of large data possible. The machines can lead a faster and timely output and reduced the machine-man interaction disorganized gap.

The Internet of Things potential has a lot to offer for making life and technology easier than ever. Without any second thought, such positive technology is the one that most people can look forward to.

Application of IoT in Mechanical Engineering:

  • Ease of governing the machines: The motors, valves, pumps, and other traditional components are fastly employing the operating through software. These software-driven controls through IoT could be controlled even from far distances and ensuring the proper operation of the machine.
  • Increased communication: IoT enhances the ability of the manufacturer to communicate with the product and production line. IoT enabled commercial PLM systems can significantly bring value to the work done by the mechanical engineers, especially with regard to product quality and reliability design activity. The utilization of IoT in product development contains a huge potential to further enhance product quality and reliability.
  • Strengthening ethics: Further, the IoT-enabled commercial PLM system will help in maintaining the ethical sense of mechanical engineers and understand the importance of physical data in the field.
  • Field testing: For the field testing of the mechanical design, the IoT-enabled sensors can help the mechanical design engineers to fix the issues and improve the features further.
  • Imparting value to digital twin technology: The IoT can become the backbone of the “digital twin” type of technology which contributes to new mechanical engineering style, making new digital engineering innovation.

Accordingly, mechanical engineers must assess their design engineering based on “physical data” in the real world with “virtual data” with the help of the IoT.

Application of IoT in Electronics Engineering:

The IoT has already revolutionized the field of electronics engineering and in the coming times, the expectations are that it will make the field more efficient and smart.

  • Home Automation: One of the basic applications is home automation embedded with IoT. It will give the real-time status of the home appliances and significantly helps in reducing the electricity bills.
  • Improving Security: The security systems using IoT can help the surveillance of the home, offices, and other establishments. Imagine the presence of a strange person in front or backyard of my house is notified to me and immediately the image taken by the surveillance camera is sent to me.
  • Instructing Solar Panels: The solar panel can be rotated according to the clock so that it can produce electricity efficiently. Embedding of the air pressure sensors can help to show the wind speed and dust along with it. Accordingly, the solar panels can be covered in order to avoid dust deposition on it through the IoT-enabled devices.
  • Microcontrollers: All the micro-controllers in a device can be controlled, instructed, and monitored through IoT.

Application of IoT in Electrical Engineering

Application of IoT in Electrical Engineering:

  • IoT SCADA: SCADA is centralized monitoring and control of remotely located generation and transmission systems. It consists of various parts such as actuators, sensors, controllers, and communication devices. The IoT SCADA is a step beyond the SCADA. The IoT SCADA provides real-time signal acquisition and data logging using the internet and IoT servers. IoT integrates the devices, machines, sensors, and other electrical equipment with the internet.
  • Smart Metering: Traditional electrical equipment like electrical units reading the meter, when integrated with IoT reduces operational costs by managing the meter from the electricity office. It also detects energy theft and losses.
  • Smart Grid: The power generated can be utilized in an optimum manner as per the load demand with intelligent equipment devices installed at each of the sub-station. The IoT can automate these substations and can better address the optimum distribution of power to these sub- stations especially during peak hours.

Application of IoT in Civil Engineering:

The IoT has a huge impact on the field of civil engineering. Few of them are:

  • Preventive Maintenance Programs: IoT can be used for preventing the breakdown. The different sensors can be used along with intelligent devices to anticipate the breakdown and hence putting preventive maintenance in place. These sensors can collect the data in real- time and then report it to the maintenance crew.
  • Real-Time Construction Management Solution: The timely completion of the construction saves a lot of money, and brings efficiency to the system. Many tasks needed to be completed such as tracking and measuring building supplies or tagging field equipment etc. The use of IoT technology can reduce the manual burden of tracking, measuring building supplies, etc by collecting relevant information in real-time and delivering it to the people concerned. It will also help the management and decision-makers to improve or correct the project’s course.
  • Automated documentation: The reports based on filling out the blanks can easily be filled up using the data routed through IoT. Such reports can be used for inspection, insurance, and liability events, etc.
  • Workers’ safety: The construction sites are full of risk as an accident can happen at any time. The supervisors and managers need to be very careful about this. The real-time tracking of the worker can be accomplished using the IoT and ensuring the safety of the workers.
  • Decision Making: IoT can be deployed to extract the insights of the places which are more complex and need a thorough understanding. For example, during the construction of a dam, there is a need to monitor the surrounding area for any stress developing because of such a project. It will help the decision making body for taking further decisions.

Application of IoT in Biomedical Engineering:

IoT in biomedical is one of the current topics of research. According to a recent report, the adoption of IoT brings exceptional changes in operational efficiency. Few of the application are:

  • Wearable devices and IoT: The e-healthcare tracks the e-health status. The various wearables are currently used in e-healthcare. The integration of wearables with the IoT is the emerging area of research in biomedical with IoT. The wearables devices recording blood pressure, heart rate monitoring, glucometer, etc give the patient access to personalized attention. Such devices also remind about the calorie count, exercise check, variation in blood pressure, and appointment with doctors.
  • Superlative Care: The deep use of IoT in the field of biomedical will surely bring better healthcare and timely intervention of the doctors. It will break the boundary of patient-doctor interaction limited to visits. It empowers the physicians to deliver superlative care.
  • Faster Disease Diagnosis: Continuous monitoring of patients using IoT helps in early diagnosis of disease based on symptoms.
  • Lesser stay in hospital: Using IoT to monitor the patient from a remote location helps in reducing the length of staying at the hospital and prevents re-admission. Continuous health monitoring opens the door of proactive care.

Internet of Things is a concept that paves the way for real-world things connected to each other through the virtual world and interacting actively. The IoT has the potential to transform and revolutionize all the engineering fields and hence making the life of people easier. It facilitates monitoring, evaluation, recording, taking informed decisions, and governance to the user. It enhances efficiency, reduces operational and labor costs, and saves time. But there is a need of exploring the field to a new high. Such as in the case of the biomedical field, there is a lot of scope of taking the IoT to a new level. The biomedical field is one of the crucial areas where one needs to introduce the IoT as soon as possible so that effective and timely care be provided to the patients. Integration of devices using the internet will surely improve efficiency, but there will be associated challenges with it such as security of data stored in the cloud or the data moving a to-and-fro infinite number of times across the internet.

Also Read: The Growing Role Of IoT After Covid-19