What is Embedded System – 2023 Future Aspect.

December 31, 2022

Automation is the latest technology that reduces human intervention in the process by predetermining decision criteria, subprocess relations, and related actions. To automate the processes; mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, electronic, and computer devices are used. 

If we look at global statistics, over 67% of companies use automation solutions to improve visibility and productivity. These intricate systems have embedded systems that are based on microcontrollers (i.e., microprocessors with integrated memory and peripheral interfaces), that are dedicated to specific tasks. These systems can be optimized to increase their reliability and performance.

The merger of technologies (i.e., automation+embedded systems) is opening doors that assist in tasks by improving quality, accuracy, precision, cost reduction, and savings. 

This blog is a detailed overview of how important embedded systems are in an automation process.

The Importance Of Embedded System In Automation

What are embedded systems?

An embedded system is a computer system (composed of a computer processor, computer memory, and input/output peripheral devices) that serves a specific purpose within a larger mechanical or electronic system. 

It is an integral component of a complete device, which typically includes electrical or electronic hardware and mechanical components. Because an embedded system typically controls the physical operations of the machine in which it is embedded, it is frequently constrained by real-time computing requirements.

How does an embedded system work?

Embedded systems’ design resembles miniaturized circuit boards with a processor, power supply, memory, and communication ports for communicating with other components of a larger system. It is possible for the processor to be a microprocessor or microcontroller.

Systems on Chips (SoCs), which include multiple processors and interfaces on a single chip, are one of the most prevalent trends in embedded system technology. They are frequently employed in high-volume embedded systems. 

In the industrial IoT (IIoT) ecosystem, SoC has facilitated the development of new design methodologies, products, and solutions. Real-time operating environments are frequently suitable for SoC-embedded technology that is typically fast enough and tolerant of slight variations in response time.

Which are the most recent embedded system architectures?

The most commonly used embedded system design architectures are-

  1. Simple control loop

It is software that consists of a simple monitoring loop for input devices. The loop invokes subroutines, each of which manages a distinct hardware or software component. It is therefore referred to as a simple control loop or programmed input-output.

  1. Cooperative multitasking

In this, the loop is hidden in an API. The programmer defines a series of tasks, and each task receives its own “run” environment. When a task is inactive, it invokes an idle routine, which is typically referred to as “pause,”  “wait,”  “yield,”  “nop” (which stands for no operation), etc.

  1. Interrupt-controlled system

These embedded systems are primarily governed by interrupts. This means that system tasks are triggered by various types of events; for instance, a timer at a predefined interval or a serial port controller receiving data could generate an interrupt.

  1. Preemptive multitasking or multi-threading

In this type of system, a low-level piece of code uses a timer to switch between tasks or threads (connected to an interrupt). This is the level at which an “operating system” kernel is generally considered to exist. Depending on the required functionality, it introduces more or less the complexities of conceptually managing multiple tasks running in parallel.

  1. Microkernels and exokernels

A microkernel is logically superior to a real-time operating system. Typically, the kernel of the operating system allocates memory and switches the CPU between threads of execution. User-mode processes implement fundamental functions such as file systems, network interfaces, and so on.

Which industries use embedded systems for automation?

  1. Food production: 

Each step of the food production process requires the company to monitor product quality, adhere to sanitary regulations, legal, and industry standards, and minimize food waste. Automation and robotics in the industry can assist with these tasks. 

For instance, there are artificial intelligence (AI)-powered systems that can distinguish between fresh and rotten fruits, and machine learning (ML) solutions can assist with preventive and predictive equipment maintenance.

  1. Municipal infrastructure: 

Intelligent parking is an illustration of embedded electronics. Powered by sensors, computer vision, and data analysis capabilities, they are quite effective for municipal parking lot management and revenue generation.

  1. Agriculture:

Water, organic fertilizers, and manual labor are agriculture’s primary drivers. Nonetheless, this procedure can be improved by employing agricultural robots, which are embedded Internet of Things (IoT) systems. They can be used for fertilizing the soil and pulling weeds.

  1. Manufacturing enterprises:

Embedded systems’ design is central to the development of smart cars. Audi is an example of a car manufacturer that uses embedded systems to track quality and compliance for each component of the assembly line.

  1. Object trading service:

Large stores and shopping malls can also use an embedded system for controlling and optimizing electricity and heating consumption.

  1. Pharmaceutical products and medical equipment:

Medical devices are examples of embedded software, but pharmaceutical companies may also use embedded software as part of an industrial control system in the process of medicine production and quality assurance.

What is the future of embedded systems in industrial automation?

Industry 4.0 is bringing us from the first to the fourth generation of the industrial revolution, powered by IoT, data analytics, and AI. Embedded systems only produce raw data. Integrating industry 4.0 technologies creates valuable insights for a robust digital infrastructure, and expands automation and innovation. 

Embedded modules are becoming more sophisticated, allowing machines to predict or prescribe solutions that could supplement human decision-making or perform tasks faster than humans. They’re making machines smarter, safer, and more effective, controlling industrial automation. Embedded systems are expected to expand IoT applications like wearables, sensors, drones, video surveillance, 3D printers, and smart transportation.

Need solutions for your automation?

Technosoft Engineering is a one-stop solution for you. We merge technologies like IoT, embedded systems, and hardware systems to deliver a fully-automated system that assists in multiple tasks. We design custom PCBs, hardware components, firmware, electronics, etc., and connect them to networks across the globe to generate expected results.

Besides that, we develop mobility and analytics solutions that unlock backend value and give value-driven output.

So, wait no further and get the best embedded system design solutions with complete automation at Technosoft Engineering.

Embedded System Design – Define, Design, And Process

November 10, 2022

An Embedded System Design is a part of a device that uses electronic hardware and mechanical parts. These systems control the physical operations of the machine. Earlier, embedded systems development was based on microprocessors, and now they are based on microcontrollers (i.e., microprocessors with integrated memory and peripheral interfaces). 

Embedded systems range from low complexity with a single microcontroller chip to high complexity with multiple chips. The systems are dedicated to specific tasks, and thus, they require proper optimization and an increase in reliability and performance. Specifically speaking about embedded system design, the complexities are not confined to chips, but also extend to the design of hardware and software components.

In this article, we shall walk through the basics of embedded system design and also its applications.

Embedded System Design

Embedded systems

An embedded system is a computer system that consists of a combination of a processor, memory, and input/output peripherals. The total system generates the desired output in a mechanical or electronic system. There are billions of embedded systems devices like automobiles, digital devices, electronic appliances like washing machines, microwaves, and other devices like telephones, etc.

All these devices have memory, a processor, peripherals, sensors, imaging systems, etc. Thus, the embedded system design is much more sophisticated and designed for specific use. Here, the input and output are specific. In some systems, where the real-time desired output is to be generated, real-time embedded systems are curated, which are intricate.

Embedded system design

As discussed, an embedded system = hardware + software.

Hardware → to perform the task

Software → to process the task

Both hardware and software are interlinked to generate the desired output. The processor is the core part of the entire system. Depending on the needs, several interfaces and peripherals are interconnected to the system.

The systematic architecture of an embedded system can be depicted below.

  1. Processor

It is the heart of an embedded system that takes an input and produces an output after processing data. It consists of two units:

  1. Control Unit (CU) – It fetches instructions from the memory.
  2. Execution Unit (EU) – It has circuits that implement instructions for data transfer and conversion instructions.

A processor runs these units over and over as the instructions are fetched from memory.

There are different types of processors-

  1. General Purpose Processors (GPP) like Microprocessors, Microcontrollers, Embedded Processors, Digital Signal Processors, and Media Processors
  2. Application Specific System Processors (ASSP)
  3. Application Specific Instruction Processors (ASIPs)
  4. GPP core(s) or ASIP core(s) on either an Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) or a Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) circuit.

The choice of a process depends on the desired output and the complexity of the application.

  1. Interfaces

Every physical device uses an interface to connect with the outside world. It selects two important boundaries:

  1. Between CPU software and digital interface logic.
  2. Between digital and analog sides of the interface.

This communication is established with peripherals and other microcontrollers as a part of the whole embedded world. 

There are many interfaces like-

  1. Serial communication interfaces
  2. Synchronous serial communication interface
  3. USB
  4. Networks like WiFi
  5. Debugging like JTAG
  6. Field buses like CAN

The choice of interfaces differ based on the desired output.

  1. Peripherals

The different peripheral devices establish communication between the embedded system and the outside environment in combination with the microcontroller. The choice of peripherals depends on:

  1. Operational speed of the microcontroller
  2. Space and prototyping of end-product
  3. Memory storage for data and programs
  4. A number of input and output devices connected
  5. Power consumption for maintaining the efficiency of the embedded system

There are various interfaces like-

  1. Displays, e.g: Graphic LCD
  2. Multimedia cards, e.g: SD Cards
  3. Timers, Counters
  4. Analog to Digital Converters
  5. Input devices, e.g: keypad
  6. Output devices, e.g: LED
  7. Serial Communication Interface

  1. Firmware

The flash memory chip in an embedded device is where the special software that controls the device’s functions is stored. It acts as a-

  1. Bridge between hardware and software applications.
  2. Channel of communication between human and machine

The services associated with firmware are-

  1. System Architecture
  2. Design and Development
  3. RTOS/ OS/ Bare Metal Applications
  4. Porting & Optimization
  5. System Integration & Security

It enables direct control of circuits and hardware components that include the above services to make execution seamless.

  1. Embedded Software

This software is embedded inside the system that runs on top of firmware to provide unique features. They control different parts of the mechanical system. Embedded software is-

  1. Easy to configure and updatable.
  2. Are customizable and functionalities can be increased.

There are different types of embedded software like-

  1. Embedded bare-metal software
  2. Embedded Linux software
  3. Embedded RTOS software
  4. Embedded networking software

Some applications do need real-time data processing, which gives rise to real-time embedded systems, which are prominently used in today’s systems.

Designing Embedded Systems

All the parts mentioned above are integrated together in the following steps.

  1. Defining system specifications
  2. Defining system hardware and software requirements
  3. Selecting mainframe and associated technologies
  4. Defining the resources required and analyzing the budget
  5. Selecting hardware and software components
  6. Designing hardware, i.e., schematics, layout, PCB, and board
  7. Developing firmware and testing
  8. Entire system integration and testing

Summing Up

Embedded system design is an interesting field that integrates various skills and tasks. The advanced embedded system serves its applications in medical and industrial equipment, transportation systems, military equipment, consumer devices, and much more.

Technosoft Engineering helps companies make smart and connected products by working with them on advanced embedded systems, embedded solutions, home automation, metering, sensor technology, home appliances, and medical devices. From consultation to designing custom PCB and embedded systems, the services cover 360-degrees embedded, connectivity, applications, mobility, and cloud solutions.

If you too want to develop an outstanding technology with greater applicability in any field, you can connect with us!

Embedded Systems Design And Development

June 3, 2022

Wondering what Embedded System Design is?

An embedded system design is the computing system at the heart of any electronic device. A microprocessor or microchip is embedded in an integrated circuit (IC) to perform a specific task in these low-power consumption systems.

Embedded systems development is found in all modern equipment, from microwaves to cell phones, spaceships to drones.

But embedded system design is different from the Internet of Things.

An embedded system may access the internet or not. It was traditionally designed for a single function and had limited communication with other devices. The goal was to handle real-time data from sensors in the real environment.

While embedded system design allows data to be sent and typically analyzed locally, the internet allows data to be transmitted to and through online (cloud) services.

When an embedded device has to communicate with an ecosystem (other embedded systems, the cloud, or the internet), communication channels such as WiFi, RF, 5G, LoRa, and others are used.

As a result, IoT would not exist without the embedded systems that process and send data, as well as the internet (or any connectivity).

 

 

Elements Of An Internet of Things Embedded System

  • Embedded systems are typically associated with hardware that includes microcontrollers such as the Motorola 68HC11 or microchips such as the 8085.
  • However, another important component for the embedded system’s operation is software. From firmware and bootloaders to drivers, embedded system systems, user interfaces, and beyond, the software may take many forms.
  • Embedded applications let them function and interact outside of the system, similar to how the internet has helped embedded systems to expand into IoT embedded devices.

The Internet of Things refers to the full web of embedded system designs, communication channels, and software that accomplishes these functions.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of physical things with integrated technology that enables communication and interaction with their internal states and the outside world.

How Does IoT Use Embedded Systems?

An embedded system is actually the ‘Thing’ in the Internet of Things. In some ways, embedded systems are a component of the Internet of Things. While the IoT is a relatively new notion, embedded systems have existed since the dawn of the modern age.

A traditional LED TV is an example of an embedded system, but a smart TV is an Internet of Things device. It’s useful to remember that Embedded systems are found in all IoT devices, although not all embedded systems are IoT.

IoT Embedded System Designs have gained popularity over a period of time. The Internet of Things (IoT) has demonstrated its ability to provide value by allowing revolutionary business models, smooth user encounters, productive assets, and resilient value chains during the previous decade.

While the Internet of Things teaches us how to monitor and control physical items, a vast amount of data has led to improved decision-making options. Furthermore, the strategic relevance of IoT has increased due to lower sensor costs and quicker communication networks.

Few Examples of Embedded Systems:

  • Automobiles

Many computers (often as many as 100) or embedded systems are used in modern automobiles to handle various activities within the vehicle. Others provide entertaining or user-facing functions. Cruise control, backup sensors, suspension control, navigation systems, and airbag systems are examples of embedded systems found in consumer automobiles.

  • Industrial equipment 

They can include embedded systems, such as sensors, and they can also be embedded systems. Embedded automation systems perform particular monitoring and control roles in industrial machinery.

  • Medical supplies 

Embedded systems, such as sensors and control mechanisms, may be present. Medical equipment, such as industrial machines, must also be particularly user-friendly so that preventable machine errors do not endanger human health. This implies they’ll frequently contain a more complicated operating system and graphical user interface.

Fast-Tracking IoT Embedded System Designs Development?

  • Every aspect of our lives has been impacted by IoT embedded systems. 
  • Embedded systems have become commonplace, whether in a contemporary supply chain where IIoT allows consumers to watch their shipments in real time or in a succeeding healthcare service that uses IoT to administer crucial medicines beyond the hospital’s walls. 
  • IoT embedded systems have enormous potential in a wide range of corporate applications, and sophisticated technological development plays a key part in this.

Technosoft is an IoT platform that caters to both corporations and developers. We allow customers to instantly connect sensors for monitoring data in real time or securely send that data to apps where you can receive meaningful insights from the sensor data collected.

To know more of how Technosoft can assist you in leveraging the power of IoT for your organization, contact us!

 

 

Know More About Embedded Systems Technology

March 4, 2022

An embedded system technology is an electronic system that has a product and is embedded in computer hardware. It is programmable or non-programmable relying upon the application. 

An embedded system technology is characterized as an approach to working, arranging, performing single or numerous assignments as per a bunch of rules. In an embedded system, every one of the units collect and work together as per the program. Instances of embedded systems incorporate various items like microwaves, clothes washers, printers, autos, cameras, and so on 

These systems use chips, microcontrollers as well as processors that prefer DSPs. This article gives an outline of what is an embedded system, embedded systems applications, and the sorts of embedded systems, 

What is an Embedded System?

An embedded system hardware is a blend of computer hardware and programming. Likewise, with any electronic system, this system requires a hardware stage that is worked with a microchip or microcontroller. The embedded system hardware incorporates components like UI, Input/Output points of interaction, show, memory, etc. Generally, an embedded system contains a power supply, processor, memory, clocks, sequential correspondence ports, and system application explicit circuits.

  • Embedded systems are real-time operating systems

A system is supposed to be continuous, on the off chance that it is fundamental for completing its work and conveying its service on schedule. A real-time operating system deals with the application programming and manages the cost of a component to allow the processor to run. The real-time working framework is responsible for taking care of the equipment assets of a computer and hosting applications that run on the computer.

An RTOS is intended to run applications with exact planning and a high measure of quality. This can be important in estimation and modern computerization frameworks wherein personal time is exorbitant or a program deferral could cause a maintenance risk. Let’s further discuss the applications of embedded systems hardware.

What are the Application of Embedded Systems?

Given below are the various applications of embedded systems:

In Automobiles and in media communications

  • Engine and cruise control systems
  • Safety of Body or Engine
  • Media, entertainment and sound systems in the automobile
  • E-Com and Mobile access
  • Advanced mechanics in sequential assembly line
  • Remote correspondence and wireless systems
  • Portable figuring and mobile computing

In Smart Cards, Missiles and Satellites

  • Security systems
  • Phone and banking
  • Protection and aerospace
  • Communication & Correspondence

In Peripherals and Computer Networking

  • Monitors & Displays
  • Networking Systems
  • Picture Processing
  • Network cards and printers

In Consumer Electronics

  • Computerized Cameras
  • Set-top Boxes
  • Superior quality TVs
  • DVDs

How is an Embedded Systems Application Developed?

In an embedded systems development, the programming is written in a significant high-level language and afterwards arranged to accomplish a particular capacity and specific function inside a non-volatile memory in the hardware. 

Embedded system programming is intended to keep in account three cutoff points. They are accessibility of system memory and processor speed. At the point when the system runs interminably, there is a need to restrict the power dispersal for occasions like run, pause, and start. Similarly, as with any electronic system, an embedded system requires a hardware components on which it carries out the activity. 

Embedded system hardware is worked with a microchip or microcontroller. The embedded system hardware has components like information yield (I/O) interfaces, UI, memory, and presentation. Typically, an embedded system comprises of

  • Power Supply
  • Processor
  • Memory
  • Timers
  • Sequential communication ports
  • Output circuits
  • System application-specific circuits

Types Of Embedded Systems

Embedded systems can be grouped into various sorts in view of execution, practical necessities, and execution of the microcontroller.Embedded systems are ordered into four classifications in light of their exhibition and utilitarian necessities:

  • Stand alone embedded systems
  • Real-time embedded systems
  • Networked embedded systems
  • Mobile embedded systems

Embedded Systems are classified into three types based on the performance of the microcontroller such as:

  • Small scale embedded systems
  • Medium-scale embedded systems
  • Sophisticated embedded systems

Technosoft Engineering is a leading embedded systems developer that operates globally and caters to a wide range of industries. With the experience of the industry and the experts in the field, our solutions are state-of-the-art and at the best prices. 

We are also an electronic prototyping company that excels in embedded systems, hence our teams are nothing but engineering wizards that do magic with their electronics design and manufacturing! 

Technosoft Engineering is your own electronics design engineer. Contact us for more details.

Trends in Embedded Software Development

August 6, 2019

Embedded Software development is yet another service in the tech domain growing quite rapidly. As per global industry analytics, this space is said to grow by US$243 Billion by 2020. Expanded development as well as rapid growth in wearable consumer electronics and production is the reason behind its growth.

This service is filling the gap of lower productivity, lack of modern innovation and similar issues. It has all the scope to expand further and further in this competitive scenario. Some of the recent trends are luring stakeholders from different domains to look at it more seriously. Here are those trends which is spearheading the Embedded Software Development.

Use of AI

In the recent decade, a lot of changes happened in the tech space. One such is the advent of speech recognition in search engines. A decade before, speech recognition had an accuracy of only 70 percent. But over a period, it has improved multifold and online search engine voice recognition is much more sophisticated and simple.

Embedded Software Development

Almost all are drifting towards voice search than typing keywords. Speech recognition is not the only service which grew rapidly. We have also seen, biometrics, AI powered hardware and robotic automation as well as virtual assistants. So much investments are done on AI powered innovations be it product or service. Hence we will soon come across a lot of AI powered technologies be it product or service.

Wearable Smart Devices

Like AI powered, we also come across a lot of wearable smart devices. Be it smart watch or a smart clock, we have seen a lot of them making rounds in the recent past. Amazon’s Alexa especially is something to reckon with. Now with IoT, an integration of all these devices with home controls is also soon on the cards. Hence we can say, you can connect all your devices to your home appliances to operate them. For example, even if you forget to turn off your geyser switch, you’ll be reminded.

Ecommerce

In the recent decade, Ecommerce has also grown multifold like other industries. Now we have an ecommerce portal for every single equipment and product that we see. Both B2B and B2C ecommerce portals exist as on date and there are thousands of them serving millions. In the coming days, we can expect to see a lot of B2B healthcare ecommerce portals emerging. Also, ecommerce portals in the healthcare space were so far didn’t reach several people despite its high usage. But now the awareness is spreading beyond limits and we can soon see a lot of people buying medicines online.

Smart Home Services

Consumer demands are changing from generation to generation. While baby boomers had a simple requirement with limited features, millennials are expecting something with unlimited features. This growing consumer demands is driving the smart home exodus. Already we see real estate projects coming with smart service enablement.

Embedded Software Development has a big role to play here as well. Right from integrating devices to managing home automations, it has a larger role to play. Therefore in the near future a lot of development is expected in this space.

Embedded Software Development is an emerging field and it finds a lot of scope in smart home services alone. Technosoft Engineering offers this service to a range of smart home service providers. Its state-of-the-art facility and cutting edge innovation drives results with positive synergies.